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USA EMV cards: Availability, Q&A (Chip & PIN -or- Chip & Signature) [2012-2015]

USA EMV cards: Availability, Q&A (Chip & PIN -or- Chip & Signature) [2012-2015]

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Old Jan 15, 16, 11:38 am   -   Wikipost
Please read: This is a community-maintained wiki post containing the most important information from this thread. You may edit the Wiki once you have been on FT for 90 days and have made 90 posts.
 
Last edit by: philemer
Wiki Link
Posts from 1/1/16 onward can be found here: http://www.flyertalk.com/forum/credi...signature.html

EMV wikipost volunteers: kebosabi

What is EMV?
EMV is a defacto global standard of technology where there is a visible microchip on the front of the card. It looks like this:

Who issues them?
See Google Docs spreadsheet in Post #1

SFOAMS also has created a list of excellent webpage that shows US EMV cards in a more interactive interface

Another site, which lets you narrow the search for an EMV card by various parameters, is http://www.spotterswiki.com/emv/index.php.

Several credit unions issue some form of Chip-and-PIN credit cards or prepaid cards. Prepaid EMV cards however are not recommended due to junk fees. USAA (currently restricted to members of military) used to offer Chip-and-PIN cards, but as late has backtracked to Chip-and-Signature priority.

Hey that's a cool Google Docs list! I know others that aren't on that list. How can I help by adding them to the list?
My bad for not putting this into the wiki sooner. Right now, the Google Docs is locked out of editing and only in "read-only" view because there were instances in the past where people would just delete the rows not thinking that it affects others viewing the list.

If you promise not to delete any rows and input all the pertinent info (annual fee, rewards, FTF, etc.), I can provide you with edit access. Just shoot me a PM to kebosabi with your gmail address and I'll provide you edit access.

Thanks for helping out!


As of October 2014, no USA-based card issuer offers Chip-and-PIN priority cards except for BMO Harris (Diners Club) and UN Federal Credit Union. Other major USA-based banks such as BofA, Chase, Citi, as well as others issue Chip-and-Signature cards which may work at many automated kiosks. However, bear in mind the word may is used above is a context where there is no absolute certainty of success for certain environments such as automated kiosks due to different natures of offline and online transactions. It is highly recommended to read Post #3 which lists real life FTer examples on how Chip-and-Signature worked and did not work at various transaction environments.

Can I upgrade it right now?
If it's listed on that Google Docs spreadsheet or SFOAMS' Silk page, wouldn't hurt to call/twitter them for a free upgrade. If you get the response you don't like, hang up, try again.

What is the difference between Chip-and-Signature and Chip-and-PIN?
You insert the chipped card into the slot. The physical contact terminal will read the EMV chip and the terminal will automatically read the preferred cardholder verification methods (called CVM) for that card.

Chip-and-Signature means that the terminal will printout a receipt for you to sign. This is the most prevalent authentication for most US issued EMV cards. Chip-and-Signature helps in a way that it will get through to face-to-face merchant transactions where you and the merchant do not speak the same language.

Chip-and-PIN means that the terminal will prompt you to input a PIN for authentication. Some credit union issued credit cards will have this CVM as secondary if Chip-and-Signature cannot be done. Chip-and-PIN is the more prevalent method of authentication used outside the US, especially in transaction environments where no human interaction is needed (i.e. automated gas pumps, toll roads, train kiosks, etc.).

The Google Docs spreadsheet will list which CVM are used in the EMV cards listed. Some cards can only do Chip-and-Signature. Other cards can do both Chip-and-Signature and Chip-and-PIN. And others might have a third option called No CVM (no authentication needed) which is reserved for low value transactions.

One chip can hold a lot more data, therefore it is capable of doing multiple verification methods. That's one of the great things about EMV over the mag-stripe which can hold very little data.

I want to know for sure what my EMV chip does. Is there anyway I can test out my own EMV card to see what the CVM list is?
alexmt has written up a nice step-by-step procedure on Post #3615.

If most of the EMV cards in the US is the Chip-and-Signature type, doesn't that mean it's still useless abroad?
Depends if you see it as glass half empty or glass half full. See Post #3 for further details on how Chip-and-Signature has worked both successfully and unsuccessfully depending on the merchant transaction environment and use your best judgment whether which one is right for you.

Are there any places in the US that are accepting transactions via the EMV chip?
tmiw has created a dedicated Google maps webpage to show where EMV has been proven to work here: http://emvacceptedhere.com/ Per his Post #4240, feel free to add any places with active EMV terminals if you come across one.

As of 2014/05, the EMV terminals in most Walmarts and Sam's Clubs are being turned on. Hence, the best place to try them out would be your local Walmart or Sam's Club. For other merchants, it's slowly being phased in.

I hope people will post them in the Post your receipt of your 1st EMV based transaction in the US thread. cvarming has shown us an EMV transaction receipt from Brooklyn, NY in Post #2380. I myself had my first EMV based (Chip-and-Signature) transaction in two stores in the Los Angeles area, as shown in detail in Post #2705 (courtesy of WhatWhatTech for pointing these two stores out)

I don't want a chip in my card. I heard horror stories all over the media saying hackers can steal my credit card info from a mile away.
There are two types of chips. One is contactless and the other is contact. Cards can be either one or the other, or both.

In the Google Docs spreadsheet, the cards that are capable of contactless payments are listed seperately under the "RFID or NFC contactless chip" column. If it says yes, then that means it has the ability to do contactless payments. If it says no, it doesn't have that feature.

The one that the media has overhyped about hackers "stealing your information wirelessly" was the contactless type like this:

You are worried about this happening, right?

You don't have to worry. EMV is a chip standard that can have both contact and contactless interfaces. With the traditional contact interface, this means you actually have to physically insert the chip into a POS terminal for it to be authorized, like this:

With the contact interface, nothing is wireless. No data is sent out in a stand-alone contact type EMV chip. With the EMV contactless interface, data is sent wirelessly.

Furthermore, contactless chip cards are required to show a symbol (looks like Wi-Fi symbol) somewhere on the card that to denote it's capability as a contactless card. For example, here's an example of a Discover Card with contactless capability (in which Discover calls "Discover ZIP") showing the contactless symbol on the back of the card:

Don't believe everything that the media says. Besides, millions of people all over the world from London to Singapore, uses contactless payments daily in extremely crowded subways and mass transit with nary any problems. There are multiple layers of encrypted securities and keys that are needed to break the code.

Frankly, giving your physical card to a waiter/waitress who takes the card out of your view is much more susceptible to fraud than contactless payments.

Why should I care?
If you are an international traveler, you will want this because majority of the world has or in the process of converting to this payment format.


In fact, in 2012, even North Korea moved to the EMV format, leaving the US as one of the countries in the world that hasn't done so.

In addition, VISA, MC, AMEX, and Discover have all agreed to incentivize the USA shifting to EMV payments by 2015 by shifting liability for fraudulent transactions to merchants if they do not have EMV equipment and the cardholder has an EMV card. So if you travel internationally or would like to get one before the others, you might be interested in getting one.


BS! I had no problems using my card in [insert whereever country], [insert whatever point in time]
If you stick to the tourist path where they have lots of visitors from the US, you should have no problems using your mag-stripe only card in hotels and restaurants, at least for now. But as things can change as things go forward.

However, consider that once you start taking the off-beaten path, go to non-touristy places where they are not familiar with mag-stripes, rent a car and use toll roads, fill up gas, or try to buy train tickets you might end up into a trouble of the machine not recognizing your card because it lacks the chip. Furthermore, a lot of toll roads, gas pumps, and automated ticket machines lack any human assistance to help you when you need it the most.

But [insert credit card company] told me all merchants that display their logo must accept them! All I have to do is report them for violating their agreements, right?
There are several factors against this.

1. You can only speak English. The merchant representative, most likely a part-time clerk earning minimum wage, speaks in a different language, let's say French. If you have no French language skills, how are you going to get your point across? Are you going to whip out your cell phone at exorbitant int'l roaming charges and hope the customer service is going to translate it for you on the spot? Or maybe you might actually know French. But how about Swahili, Farsi, Balinese, or the multiple languages in mainland China?

2. Just like US, the rest of the world's businesses uses part-time minimum wage workers as cashiers to cut down on labor costs. Most of their SOP training manuals are written by MBA types to not to do anything they are not familiar with. Do not expect them to understand the intricate details of credit card mumbo jumbo. You don't expect Taco Bell employees to understand the minute details of Discover-JCB-Union Pay agreements, right? Same thing the other way around: be respectful as a guest in their country, prepare in advance in their ways, avoid being an "ugly American" stereotype.

3. You are a guest in their country. You are a minority. If 99.9% of their country's people and other tourists from around the world uses EMV, do you really think they are going to accomodate the 0.1% of American tourists who only have mag-stripes credit cards?

4. Again, you are a guest in their country. How would you, as an American standing in line, react if a Chinese tourist was clogging up the lines at a local Taco Bell because the clerk doesn't understand the Discover-Union Pay agreement and has trouble communicating between Mandarin spoken by the tourist and English spoken by the Taco Bell clerk? Same way the other way around. You do not want to clog up the lines for everyone. The less hassle, the better.

5. VISA and MC make tons of money from merchants in that country. Say SNCF French Rail. It's a billion dollar company in France. Do you think VISA is going to pull the plug of their relationship with SNCF because SNCF refuses to do mag-stripe processing at their unmanned train station kiosk? Of course not. Be realistic.

6. And lastly, if you're up against an unstaffed toll kiosk, gas pump or train ticket machine, are you going to yell curses at the machine?

But I want my credit card to be able to be used in the US too!
No worries. They have not gotten rid of the mag-stripe on the back of the card for backward compatibility reasons, just like we still have embossed numbers on our cards for backwards compatibility to using those old carbon copy imprinters.

[insert own Hyatt card image front and back together with red arrows pointing to all the backward compatibility features]

You use the chip on the front of the card abroad (for now), and the mag-stripe just like any other card for the US. Basically, you're increasing your credit card's acceptance rate by getting a card that both via the chip and the mag-stripe. You're getting a better deal for free.

And when 2015 comes along and US switches to EMV, you'll be way ahead of everyone else too!


So why did the rest of the world and the US moved/moving toward EMV?
Primarily, due to fraud concerns. You see, the mag-stripe has been with us since the 1950s. It may have been the most high tech thing back in the day, but with the technology that is available today, any shmo can pick up a $100 USB magnetic card skimming device off of eBay and get your credit card info.

And unlike skimming off contactless cards which actually need the person to have l33t programming skills, skimming off a magnetic stripe has become so ubiquitous that nary a day goes about skimming fraud going on somewhere in America, from gas pumps, Michael's stores (2011), Target breaches (2013), restaurant waiters/waitresses, to even McDonald's drive thrus.

https://www.google.com/search?q=skimming+fraud

These type of fraud used to be prevalent in Europe. But once they started switching over to EMV starting over 2 decades ago, this type of fraud went elsewhere. It went over to Asia, Canada and Mexico, Latin America, etc. etc. until they too began implementing EMV to combat skimming fraud. The US is practically the only country left that hasn't done so, therefore all the fraud that used to take place elsewhere is now happening here.


But EMV is old and it's not fool proof. Shouldn't we just skip over it and do something new instead?
Yes, EMV is old. It was developed in the 1990s and its smart card payment predecessor was first introduced in France. But as of today, it has become the defacto global standard of payments.

But then, what else is there? There is no other de facto global standard of payments alternative. For example, if we decide to skip over it and do something new, hypothetically like DNA matching technology, it still means US int'l travelers will continue to have problems abroad with useless plastic acceptance because no other country is using this DNA matching technology except the US.

Besides, nothing is fool proof. You can say that the bank vault isn't fool proof because you can crack it open if enough C4 is used. But your average low-life scumbag isn't likely to get military grade C4 easily either. But the bank vault does make it harder to get the bank's money over say a petty cash box. That's the point here. EMV is akin to a security tight bank vault, the old mag-stripe is akin to a petty cash box lying around inside the drawer.


I'm a business owner and I don't think EMV is going to take off. I'm not going to spend extra hundreds of dollars to upgrade my credit card machine. Convince me other wise why I should.
I can understand the added extra cost to your business once this switchover takes place. But before even saying that, look at your existing POS terminal. Does it have a slot somewhere to insert a card?

Most likely, if you had replaced your POS terminal within the past five years, you already have an EMV capable terminal. EMV is basically just not turned on yet from the processor and acquirer side.

If you have an EMV capable terminal, then a best bet would be to contact your acquirer to have the EMV feature turned on. You did your end of the deal already by having an EMV capable terminal, it is now the acquirers' responsibility to turn it on in accordance to the EMV switchover mandate.

And if you don't, you are going to replace your POS terminal anyway from common wear and tear. It isn't a hard switch-over. You can continue to use your POS terminal until it dies out because EMV cardholders will still have the mag-stripe on the back. And by the time your non-EMV capable POS terminal is up for replacement the market will be full with these newer POS terminals that can accept the mag-stripe, EMV, as well as contactless payments.

In addition, you may also want to check with your acquirer or processor about EMV capable terminals. Some of them are willing to replace your terminal for free in preparation for the US EMV switchover. Call and ask for details.


But what's in it for me? I'm the one that has to pay for the upgrade.
All the major card networks have given incentives for merchants for the upcoming EMV switchover.

If 75% or more of your credit card transactions are done on an EMV contact and contactless terminal, they are going to waive your annual PCI-DSS fees, which usually costs you around $5.00-$19.95/month per terminal. The overall long term cost savings of those compliance fees will be larger than the cost of an one time upgrade for the terminal.

The downside is that once EMV switchover happens and if you do not have a POS terminal that is able to accept EMV, the fraud liability shifts over to the merchant.

I own several fast food franchises. If I upgrade my POS terminals at all of my restaurants, it's going to cost me thousands, if not millions. I don't think anyone is going to use a fake credit card to buy $5 burgers. And if they do, wouldn't it be cheaper for me to eat the fraud cost?
Remember also that fraud isn't just committed by dishonest customers using fraudulent cards. Fraud can also happen with dishonest employees skimming off credit card data from the mag-stripe as in the case of a teenage McDonald's drive thru employee skimming off $13,000 of customers' credit cards in Olympia, WA. Consider the public relations fall out that your business may have if this happens (i.e. the big Target breach of 2013, where someone used a mag stripe card to load malware INTO Target's system). Is it worth risking to take such a huge PR disaster?
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Old Feb 19, 13, 7:03 pm
  #796  
 
Join Date: Jul 2007
Posts: 1,746
Originally Posted by silver6054 View Post
This was a (very!) small sample, but I found that people were less prepared for any signature stuff, even compared to a year ago. In two places they had to search very hard to find a pen (as noone needs them now!) and one younger assistant was very confused when it wanted a signature and apologized for the machine being broken. In another store, the assistant had to ask how to swipe (using a non-EMV card).

In the past I have said that I think chip&sig is almost a step backwards in usability (as people expect the chip machines to take a PIN and are confused when something else happens). It's true it gives clearer directions than simply handing a swipe card, but given this visit's experience, I think a swipe card would have been as good. (And when I used my UK chip&pin, everything was easier).

But the 3% rewards were good to get, so Penfed wins that one.
I do agree with you about chip and signature. I think it was a way some of the big banks (Chase, Citi) stuck their toes in the water. Their customers wanted an emv chip and so they introduced the chip and signature on their premium cards (it is interesting, I think this is true, that even today you can't get an emv chip on their plain vanilla cards). Of course then Andrews and State Department came up with their cards but again wouldn't take the step of going the chip and pin route (Mia I think explains it as having something to do with USA liability rules but don't hold me to that).

Now we also brought up the point that, at least in the UK, when chip and pin was mandated, at the behst of some groupd representing the handicapped (blind and the like), alternate provisions had to be made for those unable to enter a pin. I think that was chip and signature so chip and signature is hardly unknown, even among locals in the UK. At least that was brought up by somebody here.

But as time has passed, and little progress made in the USA on this issue, one get the feeling you're right and the whole chip and signatyure is only a little better than nothing.
JEFFJAGUAR is offline  
Old Feb 19, 13, 7:10 pm
  #797  
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Posts: 1,942
Yes, chip and signature is mandated in the UK so that people with disabilities can use it, but I think this is a very small percentage of transactions, so your average assistant doesn't see it often enough to remember it (or before they change jobs).
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Old Feb 19, 13, 11:35 pm
  #798  
 
Join Date: Aug 2011
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Originally Posted by kebosabi View Post
So I went to the nearest Walmart (Torrance, CA) this past weekend. I rarely shop at Walmart (the "nearest Walmart" for me isn't really in a convenient place to where I live) so I made it as a weekend grocery shopping instead of my usual Ralphs.

The terminal was blinking with blue LED lights on where the chip slot was, first time I've seen a terminal with flashing lights on the EMV slot.

The LCD display said "please insert or swipe credit card." The animation of the card though, only showed the card being swiped.

I dipped my Chase Hyatt card in it to see if it did anything. Nothing.
Tried the Andrews FCU card in it to see if it did anything. Nada.

Ended up just swiping my Citi AAdvantage card.



So apparently the Walmart in Torrance, CA has something turned on in preparation for the switchover, but still has yet to actually get them to work with any EMV cards as of yet.


If anyone who regularly shops at Walmart is able to get it working in the near future, I will be interested to hear your experience.
Same experience at Walmart up here in Mountain View. JP Morgan chip and sign not recognized when dipped. Had to swipe.
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Old Feb 22, 13, 11:58 am
  #799  
 
Join Date: Jul 2006
Location: LAX
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Though starting to get irrelevant as more CUs and major banks have started issuing some form of EMV (PIN or Signature), I have updated the list with:

PenFed
USAA
AMEX Plat & Centurion

Probably not going to bother listing more CUs since CUs that contracts services with PSCU offer some form of prepaid Chip & PIN that competes with the Travelex option.
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Old Feb 24, 13, 10:46 pm
  #800  
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: Belgium
Posts: 608
I suspect a fair number of FTers already have USAA accounts... For those of us who already have USAA's MasterCard (hey, they gave me one when I was 19, so why cancel it?), the way to get a chip-and-PIN card through the online system is slightly strange. Log in to your account online and create a travel report for a country that uses chip-and-PIN. After you've done that, it'll ask if you want to "convert" your account. It only works for the MasterCard credit card; you can't get a chip-and-PIN debit card or AmEx network card no matter how many times you report your upcoming trip to France.
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Old Feb 25, 13, 1:46 am
  #801  
 
Join Date: Jul 2007
Posts: 1,746
Originally Posted by der_saeufer View Post
I suspect a fair number of FTers already have USAA accounts... For those of us who already have USAA's MasterCard (hey, they gave me one when I was 19, so why cancel it?), the way to get a chip-and-PIN card through the online system is slightly strange. Log in to your account online and create a travel report for a country that uses chip-and-PIN. After you've done that, it'll ask if you want to "convert" your account. It only works for the MasterCard credit card; you can't get a chip-and-PIN debit card or AmEx network card no matter how many times you report your upcoming trip to France.

nor their visa card (but the 1% ftf hurts big time).
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Old Mar 1, 13, 12:47 pm
  #802  
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Location: LAX
Posts: 554
Do ATM transactions require a chipped card, or will they accept a stripe-only card? I just got the BofA Travel Rewards cards for purchases, but need to know if I'll need to procure a chipped debit card to withdraw cash. This is for France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

Thanks!
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Old Mar 1, 13, 2:51 pm
  #803  
 
Join Date: Jul 2006
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Originally Posted by kdoughboy View Post
Do ATM transactions require a chipped card, or will they accept a stripe-only card? I just got the BofA Travel Rewards cards for purchases, but need to know if I'll need to procure a chipped debit card to withdraw cash. This is for France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

Thanks!
As recently as last December in my trips abroad, you should be fine with a mag-stripe only ATM/debit card to withdraw cash out of foreign ATMs.

Per my own experience, my BofA ATM/debit card worked fine when making withdraws in Scotiabank (Canada), Barclays (UK), BNP Paribas (France), Deutsche Bank (Germany), and WestPac (Australia). Of course that may change in the future.

As of yet, no US financial institution has issued an EMV chipped ATM/debit card except for SECU which is restricted to State of NC employees.

OTOH, MC debit and recently, VISA debit, has both come up with a timeline to switch to EMV cards for ATMs so it could be something that could be coming in the near future.
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Old Mar 1, 13, 4:11 pm
  #804  
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 1
Exclamation Travelex is canceling their cards.

http://www.travelex.com/US/Products/Cash-Passport/

IMPORTANT NOTICE At the moment, Travelex is not selling the Cash Passport product in the USA. All Cash Passport cards sold in the USA on or before February 15, 2013 will no longer be reloadable, online or in the retail stores, after March 31, 2013 and will not be valid/useable for any transactions after April 30, 2013.
While they were expensive.. they were handy for smaller spends. Particularly for train stations and the like.
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Old Mar 1, 13, 6:57 pm
  #805  
 
Join Date: Feb 2013
Posts: 399
Thumbs up

Originally Posted by kebosabi View Post
Though starting to get irrelevant as more CUs and major banks have started issuing some form of EMV (PIN or Signature), I have updated the list with:

PenFed
USAA
AMEX Plat & Centurion

Probably not going to bother listing more CUs since CUs that contracts services with PSCU offer some form of prepaid Chip & PIN that competes with the Travelex option.
The list (at least for non-prepaid) is still very useful to keep tabs on which cards are Chip & Signature as opposed to the coveted Chip & PIN. Maybe adding a "hybrid" category for the cards that use Chip & PIN only when a signature is unavailable would be useful.
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Old Mar 2, 13, 6:26 am
  #806  
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Location: Cupertino, CA
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Earlier today I tried using a Chase chip & sig card at one of the Airport Link ticket kiosks at SYD (International Terminal), and the transaction failed. I ended up paying cash at a manned counter since the train was coming soon.

Do the EFTPOS terminals on CityRail use offline PIN verification? I will have another opportunity to check tomorrow, but perhaps someone can answer.
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Old Mar 2, 13, 8:12 am
  #807  
 
Join Date: May 2010
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Originally Posted by emvchip View Post
The list (at least for non-prepaid) is still very useful to keep tabs on which cards are Chip & Signature as opposed to the coveted Chip & PIN. Maybe adding a "hybrid" category for the cards that use Chip & PIN only when a signature is unavailable would be useful.
First off, many thanks to kebosabi for starting the list and keeping it updated this long! It is a useful compendium and starting point for information on this topic. I think it's still useful to maintain, since there is likely to be increased interest in the topic as more USA chip cards are offered and as more travelers report their experiences.

A bit of reading on other sites suggests that all EMV cards can handle more than one type of verification, with the method used for each transaction being a sort of "negotiation" between what the card will accept and what the seller (merchant or kiosk) offers. If I have this right, I'm guessing that all chip+pin cards are able to fall back to chip+sig if needed. I am only guessing so it would be great to have this verified by someone in the card processing industry who actually knows the story!
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Old Mar 2, 13, 11:23 am
  #808  
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
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Originally Posted by der_saeufer View Post
I suspect a fair number of FTers already have USAA accounts... For those of us who already have USAA's MasterCard (hey, they gave me one when I was 19, so why cancel it?), the way to get a chip-and-PIN card through the online system is slightly strange. Log in to your account online and create a travel report for a country that uses chip-and-PIN. After you've done that, it'll ask if you want to "convert" your account. It only works for the MasterCard credit card; you can't get a chip-and-PIN debit card or AmEx network card no matter how many times you report your upcoming trip to France.
Excellent! Thank you for the information - I was expecting to have to call to obtain the EMV card.

That was very easy..
If only I really was going to France in April... Hahaha.
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Old Mar 2, 13, 11:25 am
  #809  
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Washington, DC
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Originally Posted by othermike27 View Post
First off, many thanks to kebosabi for starting the list and keeping it updated this long! It is a useful compendium and starting point for information on this topic. I think it's still useful to maintain, since there is likely to be increased interest in the topic as more USA chip cards are offered and as more travelers report their experiences.

A bit of reading on other sites suggests that all EMV cards can handle more than one type of verification, with the method used for each transaction being a sort of "negotiation" between what the card will accept and what the seller (merchant or kiosk) offers. If I have this right, I'm guessing that all chip+pin cards are able to fall back to chip+sig if needed. I am only guessing so it would be great to have this verified by someone in the card processing industry who actually knows the story!
Yes, a huge thanks to kebosabi and everyone for keeping this thread going. My last trip to the UK a few years ago, was a complete PIA.
I may have plans for Europe again this year, so I'll be well prepared this time around.
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Old Mar 2, 13, 8:01 pm
  #810  
 
Join Date: May 2003
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Originally Posted by Majuki View Post
Earlier today I tried using a Chase chip & sig card at one of the Airport Link ticket kiosks at SYD (International Terminal), and the transaction failed. I ended up paying cash at a manned counter since the train was coming soon.

Do the EFTPOS terminals on CityRail use offline PIN verification? I will have another opportunity to check tomorrow, but perhaps someone can answer.
Correct - you will need a manned counter in Sydney to use pin-and-signature.
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