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FAQ: What's a Systemwide Upgrade / SWU / VIP and how to use? (Master thread)

Old Dec 12, 2015, 8:55 pm
FlyerTalk Forums Expert How-Tos and Guides
Last edit by: Prospero
FAQ: What's a Systemwide Upgrade SWU (ex-VIP / VIPOW / "eVIP") 2017 on
Please read this wiki for important information not documented elsewhere.
NOTE: CHANGES

NOTE: SWUs are no longer automatically awarded upon achieving Platinum Pro (PP) or Executive Platinum (EXP) status. Starting in the 2021 calendar year, AA switched to Elite Choice Awards. When a member achieves PP status, the member earns one Elite Choice Award. If the member goes on to achieve EXP status, the member earns two additional elite choice awards. Each elite choice award can be redeemed until 12/31 of the following year (example: a member who reaches PP in July 2021 has until December 31, 2022 to redeem the elite choice award). A PP elite choice award can be redeemed for one SWU or other choices; each EXP elite choice award can be redeemed for two SWUs or other choices. Therefore, a member who reaches EXP can choose from one to five SWUs. When an elite choice award is redeemed for one or two SWUs, the SWU(s) are immediately deposited, and expire one year from the day they are deposited.

NOTE: SWUs awarded in 2019 expiring 31 Jan 2021 have been extended through 31 July 2021; this is now reflected in online accounts.

NOTE: Upgrade waitlist priority is 1) Status, followed by 2) type of upgrade, 3)Rolling EQD earning for last 365 days as of 20 May 2017. Link to FT thread.
  • Executive Platinum members receive an additional two SWUs (or may choose bonus miles or to gift status) when they reach 120,000, 160,000 and 200,000 EQMs in 2021 (which includes January and February 2022).
(No further SWUs are forthcoming at 250,000 EQM or after, though CK often have access to two more.)

Remember: EQM earning will vary from 0 to 3.0 EQM per base mile, based on eligible fare class and marketing airline, on EQM earning fares.

As of January 2017

"The way your upgrade request is prioritized is you'll be listed according to your elite status level followed by (the type of upgrade - SWU and Upgrade Award, aka miles + copay), the number of EQD (Elite Qualifying Dollars) earned in the (rolling) last 12 months."

Upgrades are prioritized first by the following elite status levels:

Concierge Key SM (up to 120 hours out)
Executive Platinum (up to 100 hours out)
Platinum Pro (up to 72 hours out)
Platinum (up to 48 hours out)
Gold (up to 24 hours out)

After status tier, upgrades are prioritized by the type of upgrade (SWU and miles + copay before 500 Mile e-upgrades / UDU; your last 12 months' Elite Qualifying Dollar spend on AA. See FAQ: Earning EQD / Elite Qualifying Dollars on AA and partner airlines (2017 on) (EQD will include the EQD offset one might earn from spend on their Barclaycard Aviator Red or Silver card, as announced elsewhere in this forum.)

Date of request has no bearing on upgrade priority other than after all other priorities have been met and theres a highly unlikely tie.

From AA.com... "Before you get to the airport, requests for systemwide and mileage award upgrades are processed independently from 500-mile upgrade requests.

At the airport, upgrades requested will be prioritized in this order:
  1. Status tier (CK, EXP, PPRO, PLT, GLD, no status)
  2. Upgrade type
    • Systemwide and mileage + copay upgrades
    • 500-mile upgrades on purchased tickets
    • 500-mile upgrades on award tickets for eligible status tiers
  3. Rolling last 12 month EQD spend
  4. Fare booking code (highest to lowest )
  5. Date/time of the request
  6. Load Factor Based Upgrades (after all other upgrade requests have been fulfilled)

See: https://www.aa.com/i18n/aadvantage-p...am-updates.jsp

Systemwide Upgrade FAQ:

Q. What are Systemwide Upgrades, exactly?


Electronic Systemwide Upgrades, abbreviated SWU, also previously referred to as eVIPs or VIPs, are electronic instruments earned as stated previously. SWU generally allow the owner to upgrade up to three segments, more or less in the same direction, on any flights AA flies with their own aircraft (not valid on partners or codeshares -- flights must be marketed and operated by AA), on most paid, published fares to the next class of service. (Successful upgrades on a single SWU include EZE-MIA-JFK-LHR, NRT-LAX-DFW-LHR.)

Q. When do SWU clear?
Upgrades can clear immediately if the appropriate inventory is available (e.g., Coach to Business (and domestic First on two class aircraft) requires "C" class to be available, Business to First requires "A" class to be available). Otherwise, SWU may be waitlisted in priority of AAdvantage status, followed by last 12 months EQD spend (and within those, by fare class if they are full fare Y).

Q. Can I use SWU on codeshares operated by AA?
No. (Though 001 AA ticketing is not a requirement), the flight must be marketed and operated by AA.

Q. Are any fare classes ineligible / invalid for SWU upgrades?
Some government and consolidator fares may not be upgraded. Award flights may not be upgraded with SWU. See post #683 by JonNYC:

Invalid (for SWU upgrade)
  • Military fares*
  • Government fares*
  • Agency/industry discounts
  • Employee travel booked in E
  • AAdvantage/promotion free or companion tickets
  • Ticket designators that require a certificate (CEN20, etc.) - contact MSD to verify
  • MSD Site products (ticket designator SITE)
  • CAT25/CAT25 Group Fares for MCLA
  • Charter flights
  • Infant tickets
  • Purchased extra seats (one passenger)
  • Opaque fares
  • Award tickets

*The reason for not allowing SWU / eVIP upgrades to be used in conjunction with a military/government fare is not based on the fare level (although they are discounted), but rather it is based on the full flexibility those fares provide. Military/government fares provide a huge benefit to the customer already in that they can be booked at the last minute and canceled or changed with no advance notice and no penalties. As such, they are not allowed to be used in conjunction with a SWU.

Can I still make use of my SWU and credit the flight(s) to another airline?
You are not supposed to. If switching from AAdvantage to another scheme's FFN, please be aware: Benefitting from a privilege granted for your AAdvantage status and changing your FFN to earn on another airline is generally prohibited by AAdvantage Terms and Conditions. Doing so might risk that benefit (e.g. upgrade).

From the AAdvantage Terms and Conditions (link)

Q. Can I see SWU eligible flights on aa.com? If not, where?
aa.com will show if a flight has SWU availability, provided the member is logged in and has sufficient SWUs in their account. One can see required inventory (A or C) using ExpertFlyer Upgrade and Award query (not Flight Availability query) or other tools.

Q. What is the priority order for SWU wait list clearing?
Priority for wait listing is based first on AAdvantage status of requestor, then by rolling EQD earning during las 12 months; within those criteria, full fare (J or Y) trumps discounted fares.

NOTE: once the booking goes to airport control you may have to request your SWU request be reactivated. Those travel companions previously prioritized by the sponsor's status no longer revert to their own status at airport control.

Q. How do I know if my SWU request has been waitlisted?
The app as well as the web page shows requested and confirmed upgrades.

If my SWU clears on AA but the flights is cancelled or delayed, and I get put on another AA or partner flight, will my upgrade be preserved / honored?

On AA and Joint Business Venture partners (AY, BA, IB, JL, QF), AA will attempt to honor the upgrade. On other airline partners it is unlikely.

Q. Can I gift SWUs to others, and will my or their status apply?
You may certainly gift SWU to others. They will have to provide you their information, including PNR, and you will have to call it in. Your status can carry over to one traveling companion (on your itinerary) until the SWU passes to airport control; otherwise, SWU priority will depend on the user's AAdvantage status followed by date of upgrade request.

Q. What if I apply a SWU to a traveling companion?
They will borrow your status if they are flying as your single traveling companion on the same flights. Otherwise, their status will determine their position on the upgrade wait list. This "borrowed" status was previously lost once the flight has gone to airport control; it doesnt now, but it pays to check and see if it has been mismanaged by software - it can be restored when it has passed to airport control.

Q. Can I sell or purchase SWUs to / from others (e.g. on eBay or CraigsList)?
While SWU may be gifted to others, AAdvantage rules prohibit selling / purchasing, trading or bartering various instruments, including SWU. A sold SWU will, if caught by AA Corporate Security AAdvantage Fraud (and they actively seek these out), cause SWU / upgrade cancellation at minimum and may even include closing the seller's account with forfeiture of miles, upgrade instruments and even elite status.


Further useful details about using SWU

● Members who achieve Platinum Pro (PP) status receive one Elite Choice Award, which may be redeemed for one SWU (among other choices). Members who achieve PP between 1/1/2021 and 2/28/2022 have until 12/31/2022 to redeem the Elite Choice Award. If an SWU is chosen, the SWU is immediately deposited and expires one year from the date deposited.

● Members who achieve Executive Platinum (EXP) status receive two Elite Choice Awards, each of which may be redeemed for two SWUs (among other choices). Members who achieve EXP between 1/1/2021 and 2/28/2022 have until 12/31/2022 to redeem their Elite Choice Awards. If two SWUs are chosen for an award, the SWUs are immediately deposited and expire one year from the date deposited.

● Members who reach 120,000, 160,000 or 200,000 EQMs between 1/1/2021 and 2/28/2022 may choose two SWUs (or additional redeemable miles or a gift of status) upon reaching 120,000, 160,000 and 200,000 EQMs.

Two SWUs (more) are earned by Concierge Key members.

Four SWUs are earned by those crossing Million Miler thresholds of 2MM and every Million Miles milestone thereafter.

● SWUs may be transferred or gifted (not bargained, bartered or sold) to anyone the owner chooses - the owner must authorize the transfer and provide at minimum the designated person's name, frequent flyer #, and PNR. Note fees and taxes may be due, such as APD / Air Passenger Duty due for flights originating in the UK (or with connections exceeding 23:59).

● AA tends to protect passengers granted upgrades with SWUs if IROPS move them to other oneworld flights, particularly JBV partners (AA, AY, BA, IB, JL, preserving already granted upgrades (not waitlisted).

● N.B. A customer may use an SWU to upgrade a flight that departs after the SWU's expiration date, provided the SWU clears (the upgrade is confirmed) and the ticket is (re)issued before the SWU expires. (Previously this had been allowed only for 'high value' customers). See for example:

https://thepointsguy.com/news/americ...wide-upgrades/

● N.B. In the good old days, if there were not sufficient C space (e.g., a party of three but only two upgrades available), agents could ask Revenue Management to release an additional seat, which revenue management sometimes would. This is no longer done, even for CK.

● If you don't want to wait list your SWU so that it automatically encumbered when a domestic segment becomes available for upgrade, but only want the domestic segments to clear if the international segment clears, ask the AA EP agent to waitlist the international portion but "DSR" the domestic segments; that way, the domestic segments will only clear if the international segment clears. Note: it's possible that the domestic segment has SWU upgrade inventory initially, but by the time the international flight becomes available to upgrade, availability is gone on the domestic flight.

● SWU application can include co-terminals: JonNYC, post #601: "This is the current list of MAC airports, and, as far as I understand it, are generally recognized for revenue tickets including SWU application to same:
  • WAS (DCA, IAD)
  • DFW (DFW, DAL)
  • HOU (HOU, IAH)
  • NYC (JFK, LGA) (I think there is a separate rule that says EWR is always part of NYC for this purpose as well)
  • LON (LGW, LHR, STN)
  • SLU (UVF, SLU)
  • TYO (HND, NRT)

UK Air Passenger Duty / APD for LHR/UK departures: (Often incorrectly called "Luxury tax"): Departing from the UK (or on a layover of 24:00 or longer via the U.K.), you'll be charged the full APD (the lowest cabin class - usually economy - pays only half APD). This applies for upgrades to business only. Upgrading business to first doesn't incur this, (since your business ticket already included the full APD). This does not apply TO the U.K. or to connecting in under 24:00 in the U.K. Other airports may impose other taxes, e.g. HKG is USD $2.80.

● Through (two flights with the same flight number, or through flights with stops) flights pose challenges insofar as upgrade availability must exist on all sectors. You may have to call AA to use a SWU on through flights.


Suggested reading:

aa.com: SYSTEMWIDE UPGRADES AND FAQS

FlyerTalk: Upgrades / SWUs / eVIPs and UK APD / Air Passenger Duty questions

New *internal* changes will 90%+ eliminate post-expiration use of SWUs by JonNYC

This post in the thread entitled "Reversing Use of SWU. Is this possible?" (it is not. AA no longer allows cancelling a SWU and substituting "stickers".)


MODERATOR NOTE
Archived posts from 2017 may be read here.

Posts prior to 2016 may be read here: ARCHIVE: SWU / VIP / eVIP Systemwide Upgrade questions

NOTE: This thread is for the discussion of the mechanics of AA systemwide upgrades. For "chance of upgrade clearing" questions, please use this thread: 2015 Chances of Upgrade Clearing and Upgrade Availability Discussion (consolidated)

Please note there is a separate thread discussing lost / missing/ misappropriated SWUs:
Missing / someone else used / unauthorized use my SWU / VIP / eVIP (merged)

American AAdvantage Forum Moderator Team
FAQ: Internal IT changes eliminate 90+% of post-expiry SWU use 26 Jun 2014
Q. I've been able to encumber expiring SWU past their expiration date if I find the proper upgrade inventory available prior to that date. Is this feature still available to Executive Platinum members?

A. Not for most. The option was possible due to software limitations. New software, AAcoRN, put into place 26 June 2014, will prevent this from occurring for "unqualified" members; only "qualified" members will be allowed to encumber SWU past their expiry date in the future. (See post #1)

Q. How do I know if I am a "qualified" member?

A. You can try to call and encumber expiring SWU past their expiry. If you are not allowed to, you aren't.

Q. So, exactly who does AA consider "qualified"?

A. A very high value AAdvantage member, as measured by the internal "Helix" system, which assigns an "Eagles" ranking from 1 to 5 (the more, the better).

Q. I've never heard of this. When did it start?

A. AA's rating system was originally based on three colors, green, yellow and red, which changed to 1-3 Eagles and was later expanded to 1-5 Eagles.

Q. How are Eagles scores assigned? Are they static, or do they change?

A. It has been said spend and fare classes (think lots of annual travel in fare classes of D and above) may affect your Eagles score, as well as OSO and negative incidents you have experienced that might result in your moving your custom to another airline. It is also said your Helix score is updated periodically, perhaps even nightly.

Q. How can I find out my Helix score / how many Eagles I have?

A. You can't. AA employees are not empowered to discuss the Helix system with customers. If you normally get extra SWU once you've made EP, are allowed to extend SWU use and find EP desk agents are willing to bend rules for you often, speculative, you might have 4-5 Eagles rating.

Q. So, this is a hidden tier higher than Executive Platinum?

A. No, because it doesn't give you privileges beyond EP beyond those mentioned, e.g. courtesy Club membership or additional priority for boarding or upgrades, like Concierge Key may.

Q. Do others than Executive Platinum have Helix / Eagles scores?

A. It can be safely assumed all AAdvantage members have such scores.
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FAQ: What's a Systemwide Upgrade / SWU / VIP and how to use? (Master thread)

Old Mar 10, 2018, 3:05 pm
  #181  
 
Join Date: Apr 2009
Location: New York
Programs: AA EXP, Hyatt Globalist, SPG Gold, Hilton Diamond, Marriott Gold
Posts: 27
[MENTION=169559]phillie[/MENTION]yoga,
Under the new changes EXPlat (and I believe PlatPro) are eligible for complimentary upgrades on award tickets.
snoopymlw is offline  
Old Mar 10, 2018, 3:16 pm
  #182  
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Location: DEN
Programs: AA EXP, AA Million Miles, Hilton Diamond
Posts: 2,624
Originally Posted by snoopymlw
[MENTION=169559]phillie[/MENTION]yoga,
Under the new changes EXPlat (and I believe PlatPro) are eligible for complimentary upgrades on award tickets.
On flights that use the complimentary ("500 mile") upgrade process.

Not for using SWUs. Not for international long-hauls that require SWUs. Not for what this OP was asking about.
bse118 is offline  
Old Mar 11, 2018, 9:18 am
  #183  
 
Join Date: Dec 2004
Location: ATL
Programs: DL SkyMiles PM/2MM, AA Plat, IC Diam. Amb., Peninsula regular, amanjunkie
Posts: 5,848
Hi folks. Returning to AA after many years as a DL hub captive. Will likely earn SWU’s this year. How good is advance availability on TPAC flights? Basically, i’m Not keen on playing the upgrade lottery because I don’t want to risk sitting in the back across an ocean. Totally willing to reposition to get on a flight with confirmed u/g at time of booking. How are my prospects? HKG would be preferred but ICN or TYO also possibilities. Will be looking for two seats on the same flights.

I typically book far in advance, say eight to eleven months out. Usually some flexibility on dates and flight times.
MegatopLover is offline  
Old Mar 11, 2018, 9:36 am
  #184  
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Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Wesley Chapel, FL
Programs: American Airlines
Posts: 30,429
Originally Posted by MegatopLover
Hi folks. Returning to AA after many years as a DL hub captive. Will likely earn SWUs this year. How good is advance availability on TPAC flights? Basically, im Not keen on playing the upgrade lottery because I dont want to risk sitting in the back across an ocean. Totally willing to reposition to get on a flight with confirmed u/g at time of booking. How are my prospects? HKG would be preferred but ICN or TYO also possibilities. Will be looking for two seats on the same flights.

I typically book far in advance, say eight to eleven months out. Usually some flexibility on dates and flight times.
depends on when and where you are going. I suggest subscribe to EF. SWU's come out of C inventory.
enviroian is offline  
Old Mar 11, 2018, 1:48 pm
  #185  
 
Join Date: May 2007
Programs: UA 1K, Hyatt Globalist
Posts: 6,073
Originally Posted by MegatopLover
Hi folks. Returning to AA after many years as a DL hub captive. Will likely earn SWUs this year. How good is advance availability on TPAC flights? Basically, im Not keen on playing the upgrade lottery because I dont want to risk sitting in the back across an ocean. Totally willing to reposition to get on a flight with confirmed u/g at time of booking. How are my prospects? HKG would be preferred but ICN or TYO also possibilities. Will be looking for two seats on the same flights.

I typically book far in advance, say eight to eleven months out. Usually some flexibility on dates and flight times.
LAX-HKG usually has decent C availability (the inventory that instrument upgrades confirm into). Based on my limited experience searching EF, however, I've found that the best C availability on that route tends to be found 2-6 months out, less so almost a full year out. YMMV though.
dkc192 is offline  
Old Mar 21, 2018, 3:21 am
  #186  
 
Join Date: Jan 2014
Posts: 474
Is AA changing SWUs for international flights to go Y -> W -> J -> F? When I look online at upcoming flights, the only flights with a link to view currently available SWU slots are those that currently have premium economy space. For example, on 20 November, 109 has a link for SWU availability, while 135 does not. 109 has PE, 135 does not. And the link for 109 now shows three categories: main cabin, premium economy, and business.

This has me very worried that there is an upcoming devaluation for SWUs on international travel.
ShortDog is offline  
Old Mar 21, 2018, 5:13 am
  #187  
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Join Date: Feb 2001
Location: RDU <|> MMX
Programs: AA EXP 2MM, SK EBS
Posts: 12,854
Originally Posted by ShortDog
Is AA changing SWUs for international flights to go Y -> W -> J -> F? When I look online at upcoming flights, the only flights with a link to view currently available SWU slots are those that currently have premium economy space. For example, on 20 November, 109 has a link for SWU availability, while 135 does not. 109 has PE, 135 does not. And the link for 109 now shows three categories: main cabin, premium economy, and business.

This has me very worried that there is an upcoming devaluation for SWUs on international travel.
I don't think what you're seeing is any indication of a SWU devaluation, although I agree it's probably coming at one point or another.

It looks like AA has just updated their IT to show all available classes from which you can upgrade, which now includes premium economy. So if upgrade space were available, it would look something like this: "Economy: to Business" and "Premium Economy: to Business."

AA limiting SWUs to only go from Y to PE would be a huge devaluation, and while I wouldn't put anything past this management, I doubt they would implement such a move mid-SWU cycle.
JJeffrey is offline  
Old Mar 26, 2018, 9:22 pm
  #188  
 
Join Date: May 2004
Location: DFW-In Plano & CDG-In the 11th
Programs: DL Diamond, AA revenue negative, Bonvoy Titanium +, Avis likes me
Posts: 3,217
Extra SWU's for extra flying? (First world problem)

The search function functionality continues to elude me. After 45 minutes, I'm throwing in the towel. If the answer is elsewhere please re-direct.

I currently have current flown and booked EQD's through 12/31 of $13,500+ and current and booked EQM's through 12/31 of 120,000+

And I still have separate HKG, BKK, SFO trips to book before year end, which could put me at (potentially) $20, 000+EQD's, and 175,000+ EQMs.

Is there another threshold for additional SWU's? If so, what levels and how many.

Thank you in advance.

(Also thinking of going free agent (not real hard) or using miles for remaining travel.)
Dallas49er is offline  
Old Mar 26, 2018, 9:25 pm
  #189  
 
Join Date: May 2017
Location: San Francisco
Programs: AA EXP
Posts: 370
Yes, two are received at 150k and another two at 200k EQMs. From your bio, you're pretty close to 2MM EQMs -- you also get four after passing 2MM.
potus18 is offline  
Old Mar 26, 2018, 9:28 pm
  #190  
 
Join Date: May 2004
Location: DFW-In Plano & CDG-In the 11th
Programs: DL Diamond, AA revenue negative, Bonvoy Titanium +, Avis likes me
Posts: 3,217
Originally Posted by potus18
Yes, two are received at 150k and another two at 200k EQMs.
Wow! That was fast! Thank you!
Dallas49er is offline  
Old Mar 26, 2018, 11:41 pm
  #191  
 
Join Date: Apr 2009
Programs: American EXP; British Airways Gold
Posts: 1,896
Why not credit some future trips to British Airways, and get Gold status for the lounge access?
jcatman is offline  
Old Mar 28, 2018, 3:34 am
  #192  
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: ATL
Programs: DL - DM, Charter KM; Marriott Ambassador
Posts: 1,355
Using a friends systemwide upgrade / swu

Traveling DFW-KEF in October with two friends - one Ive known for years and the other I only know through the longtime friend.

Shortime friend has a dad who is CK and offered to apply SWUs to upgrade us. Both of mine have cleared (Plat). Neither of theirs have (no status). If it was the longtime friends fathers SWUs I wouldnt think twice about taking the UPG, but feel weird about taking it from short time friend if he doesnt get it. Thoughts?

Realize its a long way til October but dont want to give up a better MCE seat if the best option is to refuse the upgrade.
MichaelKade is offline  
Old Mar 28, 2018, 4:43 am
  #193  
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: South Park, Metropolis
Programs: AA LT PLT 3MM, Hilton/Marriott/SPG/Club Carlson GLD, IHG PLT
Posts: 4,622
Why give up on the upgrade, when you can swap seats prior to boarding. Just indicate to the flight attendant that you will take your friends seat instead. Do note that you can not play musical chairs while in flight though. For the moment, just be sure you friends have good seats. Also, on side note what status do they have?
arollins is offline  
Old Mar 28, 2018, 6:43 am
  #194  
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The one problem I see is that now that you're confirmed in business both ways while they're still in coach, you'll be unable to get them seated in MCE or preferred seats for free as your companions (if you didn't get them MCE or preferred seats already). Once you're seated in a different cabin than a companion, you lose this ability.
JJeffrey is offline  
Old Mar 28, 2018, 7:56 am
  #195  
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: ATL
Programs: DL - DM, Charter KM; Marriott Ambassador
Posts: 1,355
Originally Posted by JJeffrey
The one problem I see is that now that you're confirmed in business both ways while they're still in coach, you'll be unable to get them seated in MCE or preferred seats for free as your companions (if you didn't get them MCE or preferred seats already). Once you're seated in a different cabin than a companion, you lose this ability.
Here's the rub. If I switch seats as previous poster suggested, I'll be stuck in a regular coach seat. :-(
MichaelKade is offline  

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