Brexit and Travel

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Advice current at: 11 April 2019

Preamble:
This is intended to be a purely factual guide to the travel implications of Brexit. It is an issue with strongly held views, we have used our best endeavours to stick to a non judgemental FAQ for the likely impact of Brexit on travel. In many areas it is not yet sure what the outcome will be, and for these issues we have said just that, rather than going into all the potential scenarios.


Timetable

Brexit: when is it going to happen?
It was originally scheduled for 23:00 hrs UK time on Friday 29 March, however the House of Commons is expected to approve the EU's offer to extend the date until potentially 31 October 2019. However a range of options could now happen, but until 1 June the UK remains a full member of the EU. It remains the UK government's intention for the UK Ė including Gibraltar, Channel Islands, Isle of Man and the Sovereign Bases on Cyprus, to leave the European Union at some point. At this point there is still a lot of uncertainty on timings and outcomes.

What is the current state of play?
To cut an extremely long story short, the UK Parliament has so far been unable to reach agreement on the terms of the UKís departure. A deal has been agreed between the UK and EU on future relations Ė notably including a transition period of at least 2 years when very little will change Ė however so far the UK government has been unsuccessful in getting any deal through Parliament.

When is Brexit day?
When we refer to Brexit Day, we mean the date of the UK's departure from the European Union, which is currently unknown. Realistically it cannot be before 1 June 2019, it could be 31 October, it could be later than that. The government is targeting 22 May 2019 for getting a deal through the Parliament in Westminster, to allow the 1 June date to become Brexit day, however there is considerable uncertainty at the moment.

When will we know more out how Brexit will happen?
Parliament will be in its Easter Recess until 22 April so we are unlikely to hear anything more until then. Thereafter the government and parliament will need to agree a way forward to resolve Brexit.

Will anything happen to travel before Brexit Day?
No, the UK remains a full member of the EU to at least that date, subject to Parliament approving the EU's offer as anticipated.

What happens to travel on Brexit Day itself, and in the days after?
There remains some uncertainty as the detailed questions below indicate. If a deal is reached similar to the one already drafted, then it would appear almost nothing will change on Brexit day, existing processes and procedures will continue for a transition period of at least 2 years. It now seems likely that the UK will only leave the European Union with a deal, so the 2 year transition after Brexit Day seems inevitable, though strictly speaking No Deal, and therefore no transition is theoretically possible.


Air Travel

Will my flight to the EU after Brexit Day still operate?
Not certain, but probably yes. Check this thread later for updates. The EU has offered a 9 to 12 month continuation Ė with certain conditions and provisos Ė even if there is no deal but there are a large number of unknown factors.

What about flights to the USA which are currently covered by an EU/USA agreement?
In November 2018 it was announced that a new Ďopen skiesí air services arrangement had been agreed with the United States. This will replace the current EU agreement. So these flights will continue regardless of Brexit.

Will UK airlines still have to meet EU associated legislation such as EC261 and GDPR after Brexit?
Yes. Both of those projects are already incorporated under UK legislation and will continue to operate as now. Longer term there could be divergences on some details.

Will airlines have to change their way of working after Brexit?
Not certain. Itís a complex area, involving ownership rules, but check back here later for updates on this one. Several initiatives are currently being resolved here.

What about airline failures such as flybmi Ė is there a risk that other airlines will go to the wall?
Yes. The larger European legacy airlines (BA, Virgin, IB, AF, KLM, Lufthansa etc) have good resources so it would seem unlikely in the short term. But it is known that a number of other airlines are watching their cashflow, most notably Norwegian, though Brexit is by no means the only factor involved here.


Train (Eurostar)

Where will passport checks happen on the Eurostar?
There will be no change on locations, all parties have agreed to continue existing arrangements. At London St. Pancras, French immigration - on behalf of all Schengen countries - checks passports for entry into mainland Europe. For EU/EEA passport holders this is usually done by e-gates. For other nationalities (with some exceptions) you go to the desk of an officer of DCPAF (the French equivalent of the UK Border Force). The UK Border Force may also do a passport check at St Pancras but often don't. At Paris Gare du Nord when returning to the UK there are again e-gates and DCPAF officers for leaving Schengen; then there is always a UK Border Force check after that, also using e-gates for EU27, EEA and some other nationalities. At Bruxelles Midi/Zuid it's quite similar, however note that you can't proceed through passport control until your train is the next service to depart, so don't arrive too early. On arrival into London or Paris (etc) there are no further checks, though there could theoretically be spot ID checks at either end.

Will there be disruption on Eurostar immediately after Brexit?
Not certain, please check back here later. The potential difficulty relates to the use of e-gates and data sharing agreements.


Ferries

Will my ferry between UK and mainland Europe operate?
Almost certainly yes. Many of the operational treaties date back before the UK joined the EU. There may be some issues at the start to do with relatively minor aspects of operations such as data exchange.

Will there be disruption, cancellations or delays immediately after Brexit Day?
Not certain. Check back here later for clarity on that one.


Movement between countries

Will I be able to travel between Northern Ireland and the Republic after Brexit Day?
Almost certainly yes, since that is protected by the Multi Party and British Irish Agreements, generally known as the Good Friday Agreement. But a lot of specific details remains uncertain.

I am a UK passport holder, will I need a visa for Europe?
Almost certainly not. While this was a potential scenario at one point, it is now difficult to see how that would happen.

To enter Schengen as a non-EU/Schengen citizen, your passport needs to be valid for an extra 90 or 180 days. Will this apply to British citizens after Brexit?
Not certain, but if a visa is not necessary then usually it means a UK passport will need at least 180 days' validity on arrival. However this is now an unlikely requirement.

Britain probably has a similar rule for non-EU citizens. Will this be extended to EU citizens after Brexit?
No. The UK government is not making this requirement, however a very short validity period on a passport may raise questions with Border Force officers.

Non-EU citizens have to fill in a landing card upon arrival to the UK. Will EU citizens have to do this after Brexit?
No, EU27 and EEA citizens will not be required to fill in Landing Cards, which are due to be abolished for all travellers in the future.

How long can I stay for in the EU27/EEA as a UK passport holder?
In Ireland there are no restrictions. In Schengen this remains unclear at this stage.

What about travel to Switzerland, Norway and Iceland?
These countries are not in the EU but are in Schengen, so any changes that come about for the EU on Brexit Day can be read over to these 3 countries.

I am a UK passport holder, what passport queues will I need on the mainland? The one for European citizens?
If there is a No Deal outcome, which is now unlikely, then UK citizens would be using the "non EU citizens" line, but check back here for updates. At many Schengen airports UK and Irish citizens constitute the bulk of processed passengers.

Wonít UK citizens need to apply for an Electronic Travel Information and Authorisation System (ETIAS) to visit the EU?
Not for the time being, and in any case the EUís proposed system wonít be rolled out until at least 2021.

I am EU27 / EEA citizen, will I need a visa for the UK?
No, not for short duration tourism and business visits, the UK government has committed not to introduce restrictions.

I am an EU27 citizen Ė will my passport work in the e-gates after Brexit?
Not certain since it relates to data sharing agreements, but it is likely that you can continue to use e-gates. Check back here later.

What about European ID cards? Can these be used to enter the UK?
Almost certainly yes. The UK government has not indicated any change in this area, however again there could be issues on data sharing.

I'm a USA (Canadian/Australian etc) citizen - what will change for me on Brexit Day?
Very little from what we know. The existing rules for Schengen on the Mainland, for the UK and Ireland will remain in place for non European visitors. The possible exception will be nationals with UK ties outside Europe such as from Bermuda, where there is considerable lack of clarity at the moment.


Money & Health

Will credit and debit cards still work after Brexit?
Yes. There may be changes to exchange rates around this period, however, and there may be delays in processing times.

What about EHIC cards?
Not certain. EHIC cards provide health insurance protection within the EU and EEA. Non EU reciprocal arrangements (e.g. between UK and Australia) will continue. It will be worth reviewing your travel insurance nearer to Brexit day, to ensure you have proper cover. EHIC is not comprehensive insurance in any case.


Car Hire

What about car hire and driving licences?
Not certain. Check back later on this one, driving regulations for Ireland are also unknown at this stage. It may be sensible to apply for an International Driving Permit from your Post Office if a UK licence holder. Spain, Ireland, Malta and Cyprus have a different IDP (IDP1949) to the rest of the EU, Norway and Switzerland (IDP1968). There is a third IDP (IDP1926) but that's not needed in the EU. You may also need your insurer to provide a Green Card to prove your insurance cover, if driving a non-hire vehicle.


Other issues

Will I get a duty free allowance after Brexit Day between UK and Europe?
Not certain, but it seems unlikely.

Will my mobile/cellular telephone face different roaming charges after Brexit?
Not resolved at the moment, but almost certainly the website of your telephone provider will make this clear as we get nearer to Brexit day.
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Old Jul 19, 19, 12:51 pm
  #61  
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For some of us it gets slightly more complicated ... yes, thatís possible.

Iím a British Citizen, resident in Jersey, and with a British Passport processed in Jersey but issued by the UK. However, Jersey and the other Channel Islands are NOT in the EU, even though my passport has ĎEuropean Unioní on the cover!

I suspect these anomalies will unravel eventually.
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Old Jul 26, 19, 4:37 pm
  #62  
 
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Originally Posted by T8191 View Post
For some of us it gets slightly more complicated ... yes, thatís possible.

Iím a British Citizen, resident in Jersey, and with a British Passport processed in Jersey but issued by the UK. However, Jersey and the other Channel Islands are NOT in the EU, even though my passport has ĎEuropean Unioní on the cover!

I suspect these anomalies will unravel eventually.
Is it the case that Jersey is a dependency of the UK and part of the EU administered from Britain, hence the passport stating 'EU' but outside the EU Customs territory? I think it is similar to the Canary Islands in that they are outside of the EU Customs territory but administered from Spain but part of the EU otherwise
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Old Jul 26, 19, 6:59 pm
  #63  
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Originally Posted by Custardthecat View Post
Is it the case that Jersey is a dependency of the UK and part of the EU administered from Britain, hence the passport stating 'EU' but outside the EU Customs territory? I think it is similar to the Canary Islands in that they are outside of the EU Customs territory but administered from Spain but part of the EU otherwise
Jersey is part of the EU Customs Union, but in various ways itís not part of the EU and itís less tied into the EU than Gibraltar.

The UK could have probably opted to issue non-EU passports for those resident citizens of Jersey who arenít otherwise citizens of the UK, but they didnít. Denmarkís Faroes are not part of the EU and their resident citizens have an option to have their Danish passport with the EU stuff on the cover or not, but unless otherwise connected to Denmark or some other part of the EU, they arenít EU citizens even as they have Danish passports that may or may not have the EU mention on their Danish passport cover.
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Old Jul 27, 19, 1:44 am
  #64  
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That’s about it!

Those who are ‘pure’ Jersey citizens, as opposed to UK immigrants such as ourselves, have a stamp inside their passports which says something like ‘Not entitled to work in the EU’.

All very foggy! As our passports are now processed and printed in UK, I guess an extra layer of fog will emerge!
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Old Jul 28, 19, 5:06 am
  #65  
 
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Originally Posted by T8191 View Post
All very foggy! As our passports are now processed and printed in UK, I guess an extra layer of fog will emerge!
Er, no! Row over to Normandy?
post-Brexit British Passports to be printed in France
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Old Jul 28, 19, 12:05 pm
  #66  
 
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Originally Posted by GUWonder View Post


Jersey is part of the EU Customs Union, but in various ways itís not part of the EU and itís less tied into the EU than Gibraltar.

The UK could have probably opted to issue non-EU passports for those resident citizens of Jersey who arenít otherwise citizens of the UK, but they didnít. Denmarkís Faroes are not part of the EU and their resident citizens have an option to have their Danish passport with the EU stuff on the cover or not, but unless otherwise connected to Denmark or some other part of the EU, they arenít EU citizens even as they have Danish passports that may or may not have the EU mention on their Danish passport cover.
Thank you. The States of Jersey have always confused me. I kind of knew I probably wasn't totally correct as soon as I wrote that.
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Old Sep 12, 19, 2:54 pm
  #67  
 
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This official Dublin Airport fact sheet seems to show that after Brexit, there will be zero or mininal effects on travel between the Irish Republic and The UK

https://www.dublinairport.com/latest...rt-brexit-faqs
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