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Yellow fever vaccination requirements for Brazil

Yellow fever vaccination requirements for Brazil

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Old Nov 6, 15, 11:10 am   -   Wikipost
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Yellow Fever Vaccination for Brasil / Brazil
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Some countries or areas may require proof of vaccination - alternately, a certificate from a physician stating YFV is contraindicated for a patient - to enter YF areas, or in cases where travelers have visited Yellow Fever areas, generally in Africa or South America. "Travelers who arrive in a country with a yellow fever vaccination entry requirement without proof of yellow fever vaccination may be quarantined for up to 6 days, refused entry, or vaccinated on site." ((USCDC)


The US Center's for Disease Control and Prevention (Nov 2015):

Yellow fever vaccine is a live-virus vaccine which has been used for several decades. A single dose protects against disease for 10 years or more. If a person is at continued risk of infection, a booster dose is recommended every 10 years. See this page for caveats, etc.

As well, note:

Vaccine Administration

For all eligible people, a single injection of reconstituted vaccine should be administered subcutaneously. Revaccination has been required by certain countries at 10-year intervals to comply with International Health Regulations (IHR) of the World Health Organization (WHO).

Note: In February 2015, the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) approved a new recommendation that a single dose of yellow fever vaccine provides long-lasting protection and is adequate for most travelers. The updated recommendations also identify specific groups of travelers who should receive additional doses and others for whom additional doses may be considered. The official ACIP recommendations were published on June 19, 2015 (see http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6423a5.htm). All current ACIP yellow fever vaccine recommendations can be found on the ACIP website at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/acip-recs/index.html.

Although ACIP no longer recommends booster doses of yellow fever vaccine for most travelers, clinicians and travelers should review the entry requirements for destination countries because changes to the International Health Regulations (IHR) have not yet been fully implemented. In 2014, the World Health Organization adopted the recommendation to remove the 10-year booster dose requirement from the IHR as of June 2016. Once this change is instituted, a completed International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis will be valid for the lifetime of the vaccinee. Some countries have already adopted this change, which is noted under the yellow fever vaccine requirements on each country’s destination page. However, it is uncertain when and if all countries with yellow fever vaccination requirements will adopt this change. (Updated August 26, 2015)
See the CDC Traveler Health page here for much more detailed and important information.

The proof of vaccine must generally be from an authorized vaccination center, and is generally in the form of a "international certificate of vaccination or prophylaxis" standard proof of vaccination.


ICVP Form

Also see the Australia Department of Health page here

Also see the Canada Government page here

Also see the UK NHS "fitfortravel" page here

Updated 6 November 2015
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Old Oct 8, 08, 12:36 am
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Yellow fever vaccination requirements for Brazil

Hi!

I'm travelling from Europe to Argentinia, from there to Chile and then to Brasil.
For medically reasons I don't need a vaccination against yellow fever, because I'm staying just in the cities, e.g. Buenoes Aires. But I'm not sure what about the entry to Brasil. Do they want an attest about a yellow fever vaccination, because I have been in Argentinia? I can't find any solid datas about this. Last time the WHO called an yellow fever alert for some parts of argentinia - but is it on the list of the "unsafe countries" in brasilia?

Thank you for your help!
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Old Oct 8, 08, 12:43 am
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Old Oct 8, 08, 5:11 am
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Originally Posted by flysmart2 View Post
Hi!

I'm travelling from Europe to Argentinia, from there to Chile and then to Brasil.
For medically reasons I don't need a vaccination against yellow fever, because I'm staying just in the cities, e.g. Buenoes Aires. But I'm not sure what about the entry to Brasil. Do they want an attest about a yellow fever vaccination, because I have been in Argentinia? I can't find any solid datas about this. Last time the WHO called an yellow fever alert for some parts of argentinia - but is it on the list of the "unsafe countries" in brasilia?

Thank you for your help!
No you will not be required to have a vaccination coming from Buenos Aires, but it does depend on where you plan to visit in Brazil. There are many areas of Brazil where Yellow Fever is a threat, so please be certain that you will not be visiting one of those areas.

Sam
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Old Oct 8, 08, 7:19 am
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You do not need it for entry in Brazil coming from Argentina or Chile. In Brazil, if you're planning on visiting the Amazon states (places like Manaus, Belém, ...) you better take it, but if you're staying on the south/southeast areas (Rio, São Paulo,...) or even on the main cities on the northeast (Salvador, Natal, Recife,...) you should be ok without it.
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Old Oct 8, 08, 8:19 am
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In all my entries into Brazil, have never been asked for a vaccination certificate. I did take the shots and had it available when I actually did go for a week long tour of the Amazon.
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Old Oct 9, 08, 2:36 pm
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Thank you very much for the replies.
I'm just staying in Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro, so there is no medical reason for vaccination.

So I think, I will travel to brasil without it.
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Old Aug 31, 10, 4:02 pm
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Any requirement for yellow-fever vaccination to Brazil?

Hi, I'd like to know if a yellow-fever vaccination is officially required to get into Brazil? I did a search on this topic here but the info was 3 years-dated so I want to obtain more up-to-date info.

P.S.: I shall be flying from Doha to Sao Paulo ndirect non-stop (i.e. no 3rd country transit)
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Old Aug 31, 10, 4:23 pm
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You should be fine.

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Old Aug 31, 10, 10:25 pm
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We went in June 2009 without them. Not just not legally required, but also not recommended by our conference organizers or any of the doctors who knew where we were going. (We have friends in that line of work; it's not like we went from doctor to doctor asking.) There might be parts of the country where it's advisable, but it's definitely not a Brazil-wide need.
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Old Sep 1, 10, 10:23 am
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It's recommended if you are going to the Amazon and such areas. Not for Sao Paulo.
They don't check at the airport, regardless of where you are going
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Old Sep 9, 10, 9:15 am
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Originally Posted by neuromancer View Post
It's recommended if you are going to the Amazon and such areas. Not for Sao Paulo.
They don't check at the airport, regardless of where you are going
Although the CDS was recommending vaccinations for visitors going to a number of regions (http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/content/...er-brazil.aspx), this was back in March. Anti-malarial prophylaxis is at least as important as a yellow fever vaccination if you're going to areas like the Amazon. Another possible danger is dengue fever, for which there is no vaccination. You avoid it by not getting bit by the Aedes aegypti mosquito (keep covered when possible, and use repellent). That particular mosquito can be active during the day. Although the hermorrhagic strain of dengue can be deadly, the much more common "regular" strain is seldom fatal if treated when symptoms occur. I live in Brazil and have never had it. CDC Web site has detailed info.

Brazil's requirements for a vaccination are based on where you're coming from, not where you're going to.

This info on yellow fever vaccination is from the Web site of the Brazilian consulate general in L.A.:
This certificate (vaccination should occur at least 10 days before travel) is always required if the traveler has been to any of the following countries within the last 90 days: Angola, Benin, Bissau Guinea, Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Camerun, Central African Republic, Colombia, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guiana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenia, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Panama, Peru, Rwanda, Sao Tome & Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Surinam, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda or Venezuela.

N.B. - If, for medical reasons, the traveler cannot be vaccinated, a letter (in Portuguese or in English) from a physician should be presented.

It is advisable if the applicant’s destination in Brazil includes any of the following States: Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Federal District, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and/or Tocantins.

Last edited by SoCal; Sep 9, 10 at 9:21 am
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Old Jul 13, 12, 1:55 am
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I am a US citizen and entering Brazil at GIG on a direct flight from Lima following a MP visit. Do I need a yellow fever vaccine? I may not be able to get one so if I need one would a medical waiver work?
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Old Jul 16, 12, 3:25 am
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Originally Posted by awardticket View Post
I am a US citizen and entering Brazil at GIG on a direct flight from Lima following a MP visit. Do I need a yellow fever vaccine? I may not be able to get one so if I need one would a medical waiver work?
Requirements change and the enforcement/interpretation of the requirements can be, errrr, flexible. The vaccination certificate is valid for ten years, so it's not a bad idea to have one.

The downside is the cost and inconvenience (it's not immediately available everywhere), and the fact that it's a "live" vaccine, which can cause discomfort.

Indeed the medical waiver is intended to permit those with compromised immune systems, or possible allergic reactions, to travel without a certificate: it's not provided for the general convenience of travellers unable to locate treatment centres (though I guess YMMV )


I'm not sure that a website such as this is a good place to seek anything but the most general advice on health-related issues.

Last edited by IAN-UK; Jul 16, 12 at 3:31 am
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Old Jul 18, 12, 12:33 am
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Originally Posted by IAN-UK View Post
Requirements change and the enforcement/interpretation of the requirements can be, errrr, flexible. The vaccination certificate is valid for ten years, so it's not a bad idea to have one.

The downside is the cost and inconvenience (it's not immediately available everywhere), and the fact that it's a "live" vaccine, which can cause discomfort.

Indeed the medical waiver is intended to permit those with compromised immune systems, or possible allergic reactions, to travel without a certificate: it's not provided for the general convenience of travellers unable to locate treatment centres (though I guess YMMV )


I'm not sure that a website such as this is a good place to seek anything but the most general advice on health-related issues.
From a non medical perspective but rather traveler experience, is it something they ask for in Rio when entering from say Peru?
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Old Jul 18, 12, 7:11 am
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Originally Posted by awardticket View Post
From a non medical perspective but rather traveler experience, is it something they ask for in Rio when entering from say Peru?
-Legal requirements for vaccinations on entering a country are usually based on where you're coming from. I assume yellow fever is not endemic in Doha. You could confirm requirements with the nearest Brazilian Embassy or Consulate. Or perhaps the airline. If you show signs of illness upon arrival,you could be pulled aside to see a health officer. Not very common. From Peru, could be different IF one has come from an area where yellow fever is common. According to this site (http://www.aboutsaopaulo.com/travel/visas.html) one WOULD need to show a certificate coming from Peru, but Í don't know the veracity of the site (or how up to date it is). I'd contact the nearest Brazilian embassy, or PAHO (Pan American Health Organization). The consulate site mentioned above indicates Doha is not a problem but Peru could be.

-Getting a vaccination to go somehwere in Brazil where there may be yellow fever is, like getting anti-malarial prophylaxis, a recommendation. Up to you. Ask your doctor or a traveler's vacciantion clinic and also look up malaria (and yellow fever) at www.cdc.gov. For the Amazon, taking anti-malarial prophylaxis is, I believe, always recommende. Note that one health risk in much of Brazil is Dengue Fever, for which there is no vaccination. The mosquito that transmits it can be active during the day. The regular strain of Dengue is seldom fatal if treated promptly. The "hemorrhagic" strain is much more dangerous. There are currently many cases in some areas, including Ceará (Fortaleza). I've known people who have had both strains of Dengue. Nothing to fool with. If you feel ill (headaches, body aches, etc.), see a doctor (preferably private doctor; public hospitals are typically poor).
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