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FAQ: Baggage / Luggage Rules, Allowance, Through-check on AA & Other Airlines

Old Jun 10, 2015, 2:33 pm
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Last edit by: Prospero
How much am I allowed?

Can I check it through?

Im on award travel...

How long can my connection be to through check? Etc.


Link to American Airlines' policy on through checking baggage as of 1 Sep 2016.

Notice that different protocols are followed in IROPS / OSO conditions.

Code:
Through Checked Baggage Policy (AA, 1 Sep 2016)

To align American Airlines (AA) with our oneworld partners
and to reduce baggage mishandlings, we will now only through
check customers and baggage when all the tickets are in the same PNR.

Through check-in will be honored between the following carriers only:
  • Code:
    American Airlines and American Eagle
  • Code:
    oneworld airlines and affiliates


Code:
What if I have separate tickets in the same PNR for itineraries
with American to a non-oneworld carrier?

Our policy on American to non-oneworld airline tickets has not changed.
We will not through check customers or bags even if the tickets are in
the same PNR.

What would be the bag charges if the customer holds separate tickets
in separate PNRs?

American will not through check a customer’s bag, regardless if it is
a oneworld carrier. The customer will need to collect their bag at
the final destination on the AA ticket. They will pay for the bag on the
second ticket when they recheck it. This may involve exiting the secure
area, then claiming and re-checking the bags. The Minimum Connecting
Time (MCT) will usually not be sufficient when the customer has separate
tickets issued for each airline.

International flights will usually require claiming bags, clearing
customs and rechecking bags on another carrier to be continued to
their next destination.

What will customers be charged if we can through check the bag?

The charges would depend on what tickets the customer holds in the same PNR.

Do JetBlue (B6) and our other codeshare/interline partners count as affiliate airlines?

No, the oneworld affiliate airlines are generally the regional partners
of the other oneworld carriers. If a customer held an B6 ticket and an
AA ticket in the same PNR we would not through check the bag. They
would need to reclaim then recheck their bag with B6.
EXCEPTION: "Customers traveling on separate tickets where one
segment is an award ticket and another has been purchased can
through-check bags. Travel must be on American or oneworld partners,
and not on partners outside the oneworld alliance (like Etihad or Air
Tahiti Nui). Tickets much be in the same reservation."
-Gary Leff, Boarding Area

Link to FT thread: Separate PNR: oneworld AA, protection, through baggage issues as of 2016

Q. Can I check my baggage through?

YES: Due to new rules instituted by oneworld in June, and by AA 1 September of 2016, baggage between the fifteen oneworld airlines on the same PNR are required be through-checked.

NO: However, if the trip is booked ticketed separately, or with non-one world partners, through checking by AA will not occur; baggage will have to be recovered at baggage carousels landside and rechecked at the next operating airline's counter (depending on your initial operating carrier's policies about through-checking on separate booking).

On U.S.A. domestic or regional travel, you will have to retrieve your baggage and re-check the following day if your stop is overnight, or recheck, if your connection is 12 hours or longer. On international travel with overnight connections under the same PNR, you often will be able to through check (as long as the new ticket conditions are met).

If you are flying AA and a non-oneworld partner on separate PNR / tickets, you will have to recover and recheck baggage, particularly on separate PNRs. If there is no interline agreement between the airlines (e.g. AA and Spirit, Southwest, etc.) you will certainly be required to do so.

See Multi-Reservation Through-Checking across oneworld no longer required

See Australian Business Traveller article. (Link)

Q. If I'm connecting using AA on a single PNR but have a stopover at my connecting airport, can I check through or recheck?

AA will generally not through check bags or allow you to recheck bags if your layover exceeds twelve hours.

Q. Which carrier's rules apply?

Note: Checked baggage allowances may vary by status, class of service, origin or/and destination, type of baggage. Some AA affiliated credit cards allow one free checked bag on domestic travel - some up to four or eight passengers on the same itinerary.

A. It depends. On separate PNRs AA will collect baggage fees due, and the other airlines will collect what is due under their baggage policies.

On through-checked baggage, USDOT regulations require the marketing carrier of the initial segment baggage rules apply to USA originating (or ending, iirc) flights. E.g. flying QF as an AA codeshare, or QF connecting from AA marketed by AA, AA rules would apply. These take precedent of IATA rules if travel begins (or ends) in the USA.

For IATA governed international itineraries, baggage rules of the Most Significant / Prevailing Carrier apply:

In compliance with the new baggage policy issued by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), free baggage allowance and extra baggage charges for tickets issued on or after 1 April 2011 which involve one or more flights provided by other airlines will be based on a new method. If your journey includes connecting flights with more than one airline, the baggage allowances and fees of the airline that operates the longer leg of the itinerary (MDC) will apply throughout the itinerary. For example, if you fly a transpacific leg with one carrier and a domestic leg with another, the baggage allowances and fees of the carrier that operated the transpacific leg would apply to the whole journey, regardless of which carrier issued the ticket. (Language from Cathay Pacific.)

The Most Significant Marketing Carrier (MSC) is:
  • For travel between IATA areas: The first carrier flying in between two of the IATA areas
  • For travel between IATA sub areas: The first carrier flying in between the sub areas
  • For travel within an IATA sub area: The first carrier crossing an international border


IATA divides Areas and sub-areas. For example:

Area: North America, Central and South America, Hawaii
Subareas:
  • Canada, Mexico
  • Caribbean
  • Central America
  • South America

Area: Europe, Middle East
Subareas:
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • Africa


Area: Asia, Guam, Southwest Pacific
Subareas:
  1. Japan, Korea
  2. Southeast Asia
  3. South Asian Subcontinent / India
  4. Southwest Pacific
Q. Can I through check my baggage if I have an overnight stop?

That will probably depend on your first operating carrier. Some carriers have no problem with through checking bags if you're stopping overnight, e.g. Qatar Airways with an overnight in DOH, but AA uses a maximum of under 12 hours to determine whether you can through check or must recover bags on overnight stops. (However, ground agents may vary.)

Q. What are my AA and oneworld baggage allowances with [_______] status?

See here on aa.com for updates

A. Complimentary bags
In some cases, you won't have to pay the baggage fees for up to three 23 kg / 50 lb bags (32 kg / 70 lb some premium passengers). Find out if this applies to you. EXPs could have to three checked 32 kg / 70 lb bags.

1st checked bag is complimentary for:
  • Eligible AAdvantage® Aviator™ and Citi® / AAdvantage® cardmembers (on domestic American Airlines operated flights)
  • AAdvantage Gold
  • oneworld Ruby
  • Alaska MVP members


1st and 2nd checked bags are complimentary for:
  • Platinum
  • oneworld Sapphire members
  • Alaska Airlines MVP Gold (AS is a oneworld member now)
  • Confirmed Business Class customers*


2nd and 3rd checked bags are complimentary for:
  • Confirmed First Class customers on 3-cabin aircraft*
  • AAdvantage Executive Platinum
  • oneworld Emerald, including Alaska Airlines MVP Gold 75K
  • Active U.S. military and/or dependents with ID traveling on orders (1st - 5th bags free of charge)
  • Active U.S. military with ID on personal travel


Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald are allowed one more checked bag:

*See AA reducing some checked baggage allowance tickets pchs on / after 29 Mar 2016

Note: on through baggage: oneworld policy no longer entitles checking baggage through when using oneworld flights when connecting on separetily ticketed segments. Only AA and MH will still through-check baggage with separate PNRS.

Q. Do I have extended baggage allowance as AAdvantage Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald? (Yes, as of 1 Feb 2013

A. All oneworld Emerald customers, including AAdvantage Executive Platinums, will be entitled to an extra bag.

See:Customer Planning Advisory
Subject . . . APS 13002 – Extra bag for oneworld Emerald

Date . . . . . . Effective: February 1st, 2013
Issued . . . . .January 31st, 2013

Overview . . .Extra bag for oneworld Emerald
. . . . . . . . . . To improve the travel experience for our top tier customers
. . . . . . . . . . we are pleased to offer all oneworld Emerald members
. . . . . . . . . . one extra bag in addition to their free allowance.

Detail. . . . . All oneworld Emerald customers, including AAdvantage
. . . . . . . . . . Executive Platinums, will be entitled to an extra bag.

. . . . . . . . . . Emeralds will have the following allowance:
. . . . . . . . . . First/Business 4 free pieces up to 70lbs (32kgs)
. . . . . . . . . . Main Cabin 3 free pieces up to 70lbs (32kgs)
. . . . . . . . . . This applies to both international and domestic travel
. . . . . . . . . . on/after 1st February.

Processing . Please override the excess baggage mask using the OT
. . . . . . . . . . code using the explanation Emerald. Automation for this
. . . . . . . . . . change will be in place later in the year.

<redacted issuing personnel>

Reference . . .APS13002


Q. How many bags can I check?

A. Check up to 10 bags if your trip is:
  • Domestic
  • Transatlantic
  • Transpacific


Check up to 5 bags if you’re traveling to / through / from:
  • Mexico / Caribbean / Central America*See footnote
  • South America*See footnote


*There are seasonal and year-round baggage embargoes and restrictions


Q. Can I "split" my allowance? E.g. can I split a 23 kg / 50 lb per bag allowance and check two bags weighing up to 23 kg / 50 lb together?

A. No. Per bag weight maxima or number of bags allowed can not be shared or split.

Q. What are my Overweight Baggage Charges?

A. aa.com: Oversize and overweight baggage

We’re pleased to say that your bag can weigh up to 70lbs./32kgs at no extra cost if you are:
  • First Class
  • Business Class
  • Executive Platinum
  • oneworld Emerald

If you are checking more than 3 bags charges will apply.*

Additionally:

Link to checked baggage policy

Link to oversized and overweight baggage policy AA has a "hard limit" of not accepting any baggage that exceeds 45 kg / 100 lb for check-in.


Q. Must I recover and re-check my bags arriving from another country?

A. If you are arriving in the U.S.A. from an international airport, it will depend:

1) If you check in at airports like AUH, DUB, YVR etc. where you process USCBP immigration and customs prior to boarding, your flight will arrive in the U.S. as a domestic flight. Your bag can be checked through (assuming other conditions mentioned above are met), you will be able to proceed to your next flight airside.

2) If you are otherwise arriving from an international airport, you will generally be required to pass USCBP immigration, recover your baggage at the indicated carousel and process through Customs. As you depart the Customs hall, you can re-check your baggage for your continuing flights prior to departing the airside part of arrivals. You will generally have to produce a valid boarding pass and pass through TSA Security to return airside to continue your travel.

3) DFW, MIA (only) in the USA allow through ("ITI") checking for certain passengers arriving internationally and departing on another international flight. This will result in an "ITI" (International to International) check with ITI sticker on your boarding pass, and baggage will not have to be collected and rechecked. ITI passengers may still be required to pass through immigration, exit through customs gate and pass back through security. See this FT thread.


Helpful resource links:

Link to American Airlines' policy on through checking baggage as of 1 Sep 2016. Notice that different protocols are followed in IROPS / OSO conditions.

AA: American Airlines a Checked baggage policy (includes infant assistive and medical devices, mobility devices, pets and specialty sports items).

See No More Multi-Reservation Through-Checking across oneworld

See Change to through-checking Oct 2014 (interlining) baggage on separate tickets

oneworld: oneworld Extra baggage allowance (status / class of service)

Please see FT: EXP / Emerald extended baggage / luggage allowance 1 FEB 2013 (master thread) if you are AA Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald.


Link to archived thread with older posts.

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FAQ: Baggage / Luggage Rules, Allowance, Through-check on AA & Other Airlines

Old Mar 27, 2023, 11:02 am
  #436  
 
Join Date: Apr 2009
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Originally Posted by hsmall
the e-ticket receipt says I have an allowance of two pieces.
The receipt is only required to show information about the carry on and first and second checked bag fees. It is not required to say anything about the third checked bag fee, even when it’s zero.
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Old Mar 27, 2023, 3:49 pm
  #437  
 
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Originally Posted by ashill
The receipt is only required to show information about the carry on and first and second checked bag fees. It is not required to say anything about the third checked bag fee, even when it’s zero.
Thanks both. The receipt doesn't say anything about a third bag.

Last edited by hsmall; Mar 27, 2023 at 3:59 pm
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Old Apr 23, 2023, 2:53 pm
  #438  
 
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I'm 99% sure the answer is no, but wondering if there may be any wiggle room for through-checking luggage on the following:

BA business ticket LHR-BOS arr 10:30PM
Same PNR AA business ticket for final domestic US flight leaving 7PM next day.

That's an 18.5 hour overnight layover. Would help tremendously if we could recheck bags after arriving from LHR.
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Old Apr 24, 2023, 8:19 am
  #439  
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Originally Posted by Stgermainparis
I'm 99% sure the answer is no, but wondering if there may be any wiggle room for through-checking luggage on the following:

BA business ticket LHR-BOS arr 10:30PM
Same PNR AA business ticket for final domestic US flight leaving 7PM next day.

That's an 18.5 hour overnight layover. Would help tremendously if we could recheck bags after arriving from LHR.
So you'll be checking in with BA and they will tag through on layovers of up to 24 hours, so assuming there is a baggage drop at BOS after exiting customs, then you should be fine.
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Old Apr 24, 2023, 1:56 pm
  #440  
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I am not sure if BOS does checked baggage overnight though?
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Old Apr 24, 2023, 9:58 pm
  #441  
 
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Originally Posted by wrp96
So you'll be checking in with BA and they will tag through on layovers of up to 24 hours, so assuming there is a baggage drop at BOS after exiting customs, then you should be fine.
This has me exceptionally happy.

Originally Posted by KARFA
I am not sure if BOS does checked baggage overnight though?
And this has me deflated. Anyone know?
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Old Apr 26, 2023, 6:53 am
  #442  
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I would be guessing, but I would doubt BOS does allow you to bag drop for a flight next evening.
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Old Apr 26, 2023, 7:15 am
  #443  
 
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Originally Posted by Stgermainparis
I'm 99% sure the answer is no, but wondering if there may be any wiggle room for through-checking luggage on the following:

BA business ticket LHR-BOS arr 10:30PM
Same PNR AA business ticket for final domestic US flight leaving 7PM next day.

That's an 18.5 hour overnight layover. Would help tremendously if we could recheck bags after arriving from LHR.
Policy would say no.

But I think a better question... even if you could, are you sure you want to do that? Leaving a bag in transit for 18.5 hours could result in that bag being anywhere.
There are places to store a bag if that is what you need.
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Old Apr 26, 2023, 3:18 pm
  #444  
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Originally Posted by Global321
Policy would say no.

But I think a better question... even if you could, are you sure you want to do that? Leaving a bag in transit for 18.5 hours could result in that bag being anywhere.
There are places to store a bag if that is what you need.
BA's policy , to best of my knowledge, is to check bags through if it is permitted. e.g. at various airports anything up to 23:59 minutes s permitted As far as wanting to do it - I have done 18-23 hour connections and left bags checked in . why would I want to wait for lugagge to be delivered at baggage reclaim, lug it around with me or pay to store it , when I can just check it in?

The issue for the OP in this is what is the airport's limitation for baggage check through
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Old Apr 26, 2023, 4:29 pm
  #445  
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Originally Posted by Dave Noble
BA's policy , to best of my knowledge, is to check bags through if it is permitted. e.g. at various airports anything up to 23:59 minutes s permitted As far as wanting to do it - I have done 18-23 hour connections and left bags checked in . why would I want to wait for lugagge to be delivered at baggage reclaim, lug it around with me or pay to store it , when I can just check it in?

The issue for the OP in this is what is the airport's limitation for baggage check through
well all bags must be collected on entry to the US anyway (some minor exceptions to this), so although your bag may have a check in label for the onward flight it would have to be collected.

But as you say, the issue is does BOS allow for twilight bag drop, and my feeling would be no.
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Old Apr 26, 2023, 5:45 pm
  #446  
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Originally Posted by KARFA
well all bags must be collected on entry to the US anyway (some minor exceptions to this), so although your bag may have a check in label for the onward flight it would have to be collected.

But as you say, the issue is does BOS allow for twilight bag drop, and my feeling would be no.
this is true - but in general case, even if I have to collect and drop off, I would rather do this than pay to store elsewhere

I suspect that BA will not be able to check the bags through with the overnight stop, but it may be possible
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Old Apr 27, 2023, 5:17 pm
  #447  
 
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Originally Posted by Dave Noble
BA's policy , to best of my knowledge, is to check bags through if it is permitted. e.g. at various airports anything up to 23:59 minutes s permitted As far as wanting to do it - I have done 18-23 hour connections and left bags checked in . why would I want to wait for lugagge to be delivered at baggage reclaim, lug it around with me or pay to store it , when I can just check it in?

The issue for the OP in this is what is the airport's limitation for baggage check through
It is not an airport thing, it is a an airline thing. I think it would be AA's policy that would apply at BOS... they are 'accepting' the bag. I believe they just increased it to 16.5 hours.

Why claim your bag for an 18.5 hour overnight layover?
  1. Presumably OP will be going to a hotel and might need items in checked bag(s).
  2. Airline/Airport folks have been know to steal items from bags. Quick search: Here and here.
  3. An employee could legitimately think it is a lost bag and move it, causing the bag to take longer to get to final destination.
Of course, assuming it would be allowed, it is entirely up to OP to leave his bag or not. I readily admit I am risk adverse and would not do it. But to each his/her own.
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Old Apr 27, 2023, 5:29 pm
  #448  
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Originally Posted by Global321
It is not an airport thing, it is a an airline thing. I think it would be AA's policy that would apply at BOS... they are 'accepting' the bag. I believe they just increased it to 16.5 hours.

Why claim your bag for an 18.5 hour overnight layover?
  1. Presumably OP will be going to a hotel and might need items in checked bag(s).
  2. Airline/Airport folks have been know to steal items from bags. Quick search: Here and here.
  3. An employee could legitimately think it is a lost bag and move it, causing the bag to take longer to get to final destination.
Of course, assuming it would be allowed, it is entirely up to OP to leave his bag or not. I readily admit I am risk adverse and would not do it. But to each his/her own.
AA's policy for what it will check in max time connection for is an AA policy - what matters when BA is performing the check in is BA's policy. BA does not have a 16 or 18 hour policy. Airports do have limits and some airports do have limits on how long bags can be checked through for

If someone wants the bags during the transit, that that person will not want to check the bag through, so would be kind of moot

If putting bags into storage, there is just as much chance of the person stealing from the luggage

Given that the bag will have a tag that details the onward flight number and date of flight, there is no reason to think that it would be thought of as a lost bag any more than any other bag through checked
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Old Apr 28, 2023, 10:26 am
  #449  
 
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Originally Posted by Dave Noble
AA's policy for what it will check in max time connection for is an AA policy - what matters when BA is performing the check in is BA's policy. BA does not have a 16 or 18 hour policy. Airports do have limits and some airports do have limits on how long bags can be checked through for

If someone wants the bags during the transit, that that person will not want to check the bag through, so would be kind of moot

If putting bags into storage, there is just as much chance of the person stealing from the luggage

Given that the bag will have a tag that details the onward flight number and date of flight, there is no reason to think that it would be thought of as a lost bag any more than any other bag through checked
Sure... tell AA they must follow BA policy. See how that works out.

AA check-in counter will be closed when OP arrives. I highly doubt AA keeps their international transit bag counter open for the BA flight.
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Old May 5, 2023, 4:19 pm
  #450  
 
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Through check on QR

I have an AA ticket US domestic flight to two QR flights on one PNR with a separate CX flight after that QR flight.

AA->QR -> QR | -> CX

QR bag policy is to through check bags. Can I through check my bag from AA->QR-> CX? Since QR will through check bags. Or else can I ask QR at the first transit point to pull out the bag and re tag the bag to CX?

thanks
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