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FAQ: Baggage / Luggage Rules, Allowance, Through-check on AA & Other Airlines

Old Jun 10, 2015, 2:33 pm
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Last edit by: Prospero
How much am I allowed?

Can I check it through?

Im on award travel...

How long can my connection be to through check? Etc.


Link to American Airlines' policy on through checking baggage as of 1 Sep 2016.

Notice that different protocols are followed in IROPS / OSO conditions.

Code:
Through Checked Baggage Policy (AA, 1 Sep 2016)

To align American Airlines (AA) with our oneworld partners
and to reduce baggage mishandlings, we will now only through
check customers and baggage when all the tickets are in the same PNR.

Through check-in will be honored between the following carriers only:
  • Code:
    American Airlines and American Eagle
  • Code:
    oneworld airlines and affiliates


Code:
What if I have separate tickets in the same PNR for itineraries
with American to a non-oneworld carrier?

Our policy on American to non-oneworld airline tickets has not changed.
We will not through check customers or bags even if the tickets are in
the same PNR.

What would be the bag charges if the customer holds separate tickets
in separate PNRs?

American will not through check a customers bag, regardless if it is
a oneworld carrier. The customer will need to collect their bag at
the final destination on the AA ticket. They will pay for the bag on the
second ticket when they recheck it. This may involve exiting the secure
area, then claiming and re-checking the bags. The Minimum Connecting
Time (MCT) will usually not be sufficient when the customer has separate
tickets issued for each airline.

International flights will usually require claiming bags, clearing
customs and rechecking bags on another carrier to be continued to
their next destination.

What will customers be charged if we can through check the bag?

The charges would depend on what tickets the customer holds in the same PNR.

Do JetBlue (B6) and our other codeshare/interline partners count as affiliate airlines?

No, the oneworld affiliate airlines are generally the regional partners
of the other oneworld carriers. If a customer held an B6 ticket and an
AA ticket in the same PNR we would not through check the bag. They
would need to reclaim then recheck their bag with B6.
EXCEPTION: "Customers traveling on separate tickets where one
segment is an award ticket and another has been purchased can
through-check bags. Travel must be on American or oneworld partners,
and not on partners outside the oneworld alliance (like Etihad or Air
Tahiti Nui). Tickets much be in the same reservation."
-Gary Leff, Boarding Area

Link to FT thread: Separate PNR: oneworld AA, protection, through baggage issues as of 2016

Q. Can I check my baggage through?

YES: Due to new rules instituted by oneworld in June, and by AA 1 September of 2016, baggage between the fifteen oneworld airlines on the same PNR are required be through-checked.

NO: However, if the trip is booked ticketed separately, or with non-one world partners, through checking by AA will not occur; baggage will have to be recovered at baggage carousels landside and rechecked at the next operating airline's counter (depending on your initial operating carrier's policies about through-checking on separate booking).

On U.S.A. domestic or regional travel, you will have to retrieve your baggage and re-check the following day if your stop is overnight, or recheck, if your connection is 12 hours or longer. On international travel with overnight connections under the same PNR, you often will be able to through check (as long as the new ticket conditions are met).

If you are flying AA and a non-oneworld partner on separate PNR / tickets, you will have to recover and recheck baggage, particularly on separate PNRs. If there is no interline agreement between the airlines (e.g. AA and Spirit, Southwest, etc.) you will certainly be required to do so.

See Multi-Reservation Through-Checking across oneworld no longer required

See Australian Business Traveller article. (Link)

Q. If I'm connecting using AA on a single PNR but have a stopover at my connecting airport, can I check through or recheck?

AA will generally not through check bags or allow you to recheck bags if your layover exceeds twelve hours.

Q. Which carrier's rules apply?

Note: Checked baggage allowances may vary by status, class of service, origin or/and destination, type of baggage. Some AA affiliated credit cards allow one free checked bag on domestic travel - some up to four or eight passengers on the same itinerary.

A. It depends. On separate PNRs AA will collect baggage fees due, and the other airlines will collect what is due under their baggage policies.

On through-checked baggage, USDOT regulations require the marketing carrier of the initial segment baggage rules apply to USA originating (or ending, iirc) flights. E.g. flying QF as an AA codeshare, or QF connecting from AA marketed by AA, AA rules would apply. These take precedent of IATA rules if travel begins (or ends) in the USA.

For IATA governed international itineraries, baggage rules of the Most Significant / Prevailing Carrier apply:

In compliance with the new baggage policy issued by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), free baggage allowance and extra baggage charges for tickets issued on or after 1 April 2011 which involve one or more flights provided by other airlines will be based on a new method. If your journey includes connecting flights with more than one airline, the baggage allowances and fees of the airline that operates the longer leg of the itinerary (MDC) will apply throughout the itinerary. For example, if you fly a transpacific leg with one carrier and a domestic leg with another, the baggage allowances and fees of the carrier that operated the transpacific leg would apply to the whole journey, regardless of which carrier issued the ticket. (Language from Cathay Pacific.)

The Most Significant Marketing Carrier (MSC) is:
  • For travel between IATA areas: The first carrier flying in between two of the IATA areas
  • For travel between IATA sub areas: The first carrier flying in between the sub areas
  • For travel within an IATA sub area: The first carrier crossing an international border


IATA divides Areas and sub-areas. For example:

Area: North America, Central and South America, Hawaii
Subareas:
  • Canada, Mexico
  • Caribbean
  • Central America
  • South America

Area: Europe, Middle East
Subareas:
  • Europe
  • Middle East
  • Africa


Area: Asia, Guam, Southwest Pacific
Subareas:
  1. Japan, Korea
  2. Southeast Asia
  3. South Asian Subcontinent / India
  4. Southwest Pacific
Q. Can I through check my baggage if I have an overnight stop?

That will probably depend on your first operating carrier. Some carriers have no problem with through checking bags if you're stopping overnight, e.g. Qatar Airways with an overnight in DOH, but AA uses a maximum of under 12 hours to determine whether you can through check or must recover bags on overnight stops. (However, ground agents may vary.)

Q. What are my AA and oneworld baggage allowances with [_______] status?

See here on aa.com for updates

A. Complimentary bags
In some cases, you won't have to pay the baggage fees for up to three 23 kg / 50 lb bags (32 kg / 70 lb some premium passengers). Find out if this applies to you. EXPs could have to three checked 32 kg / 70 lb bags.

1st checked bag is complimentary for:
  • Eligible AAdvantage Aviator and Citi / AAdvantage cardmembers (on domestic American Airlines operated flights)
  • AAdvantage Gold
  • oneworld Ruby
  • Alaska MVP members


1st and 2nd checked bags are complimentary for:
  • Platinum
  • oneworld Sapphire members
  • Alaska Airlines MVP Gold (AS is a oneworld member now)
  • Confirmed Business Class customers*


2nd and 3rd checked bags are complimentary for:
  • Confirmed First Class customers on 3-cabin aircraft*
  • AAdvantage Executive Platinum
  • oneworld Emerald, including Alaska Airlines MVP Gold 75K
  • Active U.S. military and/or dependents with ID traveling on orders (1st - 5th bags free of charge)
  • Active U.S. military with ID on personal travel


Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald are allowed one more checked bag:

*See AA reducing some checked baggage allowance tickets pchs on / after 29 Mar 2016

Note: on through baggage: oneworld policy no longer entitles checking baggage through when using oneworld flights when connecting on separetily ticketed segments. Only AA and MH will still through-check baggage with separate PNRS.

Q. Do I have extended baggage allowance as AAdvantage Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald? (Yes, as of 1 Feb 2013

A. All oneworld Emerald customers, including AAdvantage Executive Platinums, will be entitled to an extra bag.

See:Customer Planning Advisory
Subject . . . APS 13002 Extra bag for oneworld Emerald

Date . . . . . . Effective: February 1st, 2013
Issued . . . . .January 31st, 2013

Overview . . .Extra bag for oneworld Emerald
. . . . . . . . . . To improve the travel experience for our top tier customers
. . . . . . . . . . we are pleased to offer all oneworld Emerald members
. . . . . . . . . . one extra bag in addition to their free allowance.

Detail. . . . . All oneworld Emerald customers, including AAdvantage
. . . . . . . . . . Executive Platinums, will be entitled to an extra bag.

. . . . . . . . . . Emeralds will have the following allowance:
. . . . . . . . . . First/Business 4 free pieces up to 70lbs (32kgs)
. . . . . . . . . . Main Cabin 3 free pieces up to 70lbs (32kgs)
. . . . . . . . . . This applies to both international and domestic travel
. . . . . . . . . . on/after 1st February.

Processing . Please override the excess baggage mask using the OT
. . . . . . . . . . code using the explanation Emerald. Automation for this
. . . . . . . . . . change will be in place later in the year.

<redacted issuing personnel>

Reference . . .APS13002


Q. How many bags can I check?

A. Check up to 10 bags if your trip is:
  • Domestic
  • Transatlantic
  • Transpacific


Check up to 5 bags if youre traveling to / through / from:
  • Mexico / Caribbean / Central America*See footnote
  • South America*See footnote


*There are seasonal and year-round baggage embargoes and restrictions


Q. Can I "split" my allowance? E.g. can I split a 23 kg / 50 lb per bag allowance and check two bags weighing up to 23 kg / 50 lb together?

A. No. Per bag weight maxima or number of bags allowed can not be shared or split.

Q. What are my Overweight Baggage Charges?

A. aa.com: Oversize and overweight baggage

Were pleased to say that your bag can weigh up to 70lbs./32kgs at no extra cost if you are:
  • First Class
  • Business Class
  • Executive Platinum
  • oneworld Emerald

If you are checking more than 3 bags charges will apply.*

Additionally:

Link to checked baggage policy

Link to oversized and overweight baggage policy AA has a "hard limit" of not accepting any baggage that exceeds 45 kg / 100 lb for check-in.


Q. Must I recover and re-check my bags arriving from another country?

A. If you are arriving in the U.S.A. from an international airport, it will depend:

1) If you check in at airports like AUH, DUB, YVR etc. where you process USCBP immigration and customs prior to boarding, your flight will arrive in the U.S. as a domestic flight. Your bag can be checked through (assuming other conditions mentioned above are met), you will be able to proceed to your next flight airside.

2) If you are otherwise arriving from an international airport, you will generally be required to pass USCBP immigration, recover your baggage at the indicated carousel and process through Customs. As you depart the Customs hall, you can re-check your baggage for your continuing flights prior to departing the airside part of arrivals. You will generally have to produce a valid boarding pass and pass through TSA Security to return airside to continue your travel.

3) DFW, MIA (only) in the USA allow through ("ITI") checking for certain passengers arriving internationally and departing on another international flight. This will result in an "ITI" (International to International) check with ITI sticker on your boarding pass, and baggage will not have to be collected and rechecked. ITI passengers may still be required to pass through immigration, exit through customs gate and pass back through security. See this FT thread.


Helpful resource links:

Link to American Airlines' policy on through checking baggage as of 1 Sep 2016. Notice that different protocols are followed in IROPS / OSO conditions.

AA: American Airlines a Checked baggage policy (includes infant assistive and medical devices, mobility devices, pets and specialty sports items).

See No More Multi-Reservation Through-Checking across oneworld

See Change to through-checking Oct 2014 (interlining) baggage on separate tickets

oneworld: oneworld Extra baggage allowance (status / class of service)

Please see FT: EXP / Emerald extended baggage / luggage allowance 1 FEB 2013 (master thread) if you are AA Executive Platinum / oneworld Emerald.


Link to archived thread with older posts.

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FAQ: Baggage / Luggage Rules, Allowance, Through-check on AA & Other Airlines

Old Oct 25, 2021, 5:35 pm
  #286  
 
Join Date: Feb 2009
Posts: 45
I know where the confusion might be with the AA agents. I made my reservation January 16th 2021. At that time Platinum Pro was allowed two bags because of sapphire status. Platinum Pro went to Emerald June 30 2021. Sell my records ticket still shows two bags. Americans website says if your status at ticketing was lower than at check-in current benefits will automatically apply. Now I just have to find a counter agent who knows what to do. Right now, 4 out of 4 phone Reps do not know and tell me I get what my ticket says.
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Old Oct 25, 2021, 5:55 pm
  #287  
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If you are so inclined, you can call AA and ask an agent to delete and then reinstate your AAdvantage number. That might solve the problem. Of course, if you don't need the extra baggage allowance, I wouldn't bother.
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Old Oct 25, 2021, 5:57 pm
  #288  
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Programs: AA PP, DL PM
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It's either 3 or 4 bags at 70 lbs each, depending on how you booked it (and I am assuming this is the first flight on the reservation).

If DFW-NRT is booked as an AA flight number, you will get 3 checked bags (even if it's operated by JL), since the AA bag policy applies.
If DFW-NRT Is booked as a JL flight number, you will get 4 checked bags (even if it's operated by AA), since the JL bag policy applies.
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Old Oct 25, 2021, 6:23 pm
  #289  
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Originally Posted by VFR
It's either 3 or 4 bags at 70 lbs each, depending on how you booked it (and I am assuming this is the first flight on the reservation).

If DFW-NRT is booked as an AA flight number, you will get 3 checked bags (even if it's operated by JL), since the AA bag policy applies.
If DFW-NRT Is booked as a JL flight number, you will get 4 checked bags (even if it's operated by AA), since the JL bag policy applies.
The first flight on the reservation is STL-DFW on AA.
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Old Oct 25, 2021, 6:47 pm
  #290  
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Originally Posted by VFR
It's either 3 or 4 bags at 70 lbs each, depending on how you booked it (and I am assuming this is the first flight on the reservation).

If DFW-NRT is booked as an AA flight number, you will get 3 checked bags (even if it's operated by JL), since the AA bag policy applies.
If DFW-NRT Is booked as a JL flight number, you will get 4 checked bags (even if it's operated by AA), since the JL bag policy applies.
Originally Posted by guv1976
The first flight on the reservation is STL-DFW on AA.
It depends on which policy AA chose to apply at ticketing. AA could have decided to applied JL allowance due to MSC (if transpac was JL flight number) as long as the allowance it choose, applied to all segments including STL-DFW.
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Old Oct 25, 2021, 6:54 pm
  #291  
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Posts: 2,088
Originally Posted by guv1976
The first flight on the reservation is STL-DFW on AA.
Originally Posted by seawolf
It depends on which policy AA chose to apply at ticketing. AA could have decided to applied JL allowance due to MSC (if transpac was JL flight number) as long as the allowance it choose to apply, applied to all segments including STL-DFW.
Correct, my recollection (anecdotally, based on previous AA connections to JL flights) is that AA applies the JL bag policy.

For folks that are confused: the US and Canada have a rule called "first marketing carrier" where the marketing carrier of your first flight on an itinerary determines your (class-of-service-based) baggage fee schedule. However, the first marketing carrier has the option of applying the most significant carrier's baggage allowance instead (and there are rules for figuring that out but it's generally the first intercontinental segment).

There should not be much arguing at check-in though, since the baggage computer system has all of these rules programmed in.
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Old Nov 4, 2021, 4:56 am
  #292  
 
Join Date: Apr 2016
Programs: One World Emerald
Posts: 59
BA silver (OW Sapphire) - baggage allowance

Good morning all,

I appreciate this has been asked many times but despite going through the forum and the AA website still confused about free baggage allowance based on OW status.

I am BA Silver (OW Sapphire) and have a flight from MCO to CUN via MIA. All on one ticket. Booked main cabin (L fare). My companion is OW Ruby.

Are we entitled to free bags based on our status or that route doesnt qualify for that benefit?

Also confused about lounge access, but not that bothered as we both have Amex Platinum.

Thank you in advance!
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Old Nov 4, 2021, 6:30 am
  #293  
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Originally Posted by Mikele
Good morning all,

I appreciate this has been asked many times but despite going through the forum and the AA website still confused about free baggage allowance based on OW status.

I am BA Silver (OW Sapphire) and have a flight from MCO to CUN via MIA. All on one ticket. Booked main cabin (L fare). My companion is OW Ruby.

Are we entitled to free bags based on our status or that route doesnt qualify for that benefit?

Also confused about lounge access, but not that bothered as we both have Amex Platinum.

Thank you in advance!
Yes to free bags. Yes to lounge access. There's no Admirals Club in CUN, but you should have access to Priority Pass lounges there based on your Amex Platinum.

BAEC Silvers can select Main Cabin Extra (extra-leg-room) seats for free on AA at anytime, as can companion if booked on the same reservation. On separate reservations, oneworld Rubies from select AA partners (including BA) may do so starting 24 hours before departure.
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Old Nov 4, 2021, 6:33 am
  #294  
 
Join Date: Apr 2016
Programs: One World Emerald
Posts: 59
Thank you very much for the prompt reply. Very reassuring.

AAs website seems to recognise my status as Ive already managed to reserve main cabin extra seats with no charge.
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Old Nov 17, 2021, 7:18 pm
  #295  
 
Join Date: Feb 2010
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Originally Posted by lovetofly1972
Anything under 12 hours the computer will check it all the way thru, however on a overnight like that we can short check it
I am flying LAX-MIA-CUN with a 10 hour overnight connection in MIA (11.45pm to 9.45am). I would like to pick up my checked bag in Miami for a change of clothes, toiletries etc.. I understand under 12 hours, it is in AA's discretion whether to allow the bag to be short checked to MIA but in people's experience, should it be pretty easy with this itinerary to get the agent to check the bag through to Miami only?
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Old Nov 18, 2021, 4:27 am
  #296  
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Originally Posted by Enigma368
I am flying LAX-MIA-CUN with a 10 hour overnight connection in MIA (11.45pm to 9.45am). I would like to pick up my checked bag in Miami for a change of clothes, toiletries etc.. I understand under 12 hours, it is in AA's discretion whether to allow the bag to be short checked to MIA but in people's experience, should it be pretty easy with this itinerary to get the agent to check the bag through to Miami only?
I haven't done it in a while, but generally speaking I've never had a problem in getting an agent to short check your bag in any cases like this that involve an overnight connection.
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Old Nov 19, 2021, 6:47 am
  #297  
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Posts: 17
Need your expertise. Below itinerary are all on single PNR.
Questions:
1. As per American Airlines it states I am allowed 1 checked in baggage. Is there any way I would be allowed 2 checked baggage based on the airlines below?
2. If I am only allowed 1 checked in baggage and I pay $100 for 2nd checked in baggage, do I have to pay again for the flight on Nov 30th when I check in bags on sri lankan airlines?

Flying
Nov 24th
1. PDX> DFW > LHR - American Airlines
2. LHR > AUH - Eithad Airlines

Nov 30th
1. DXB - BLR - Sri lankan airlines

Thank you
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Old Nov 19, 2021, 7:11 am
  #298  
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Originally Posted by pbs_flyertalk
Need your expertise. Below itinerary are all on single PNR.
Questions:
1. As per American Airlines it states I am allowed 1 checked in baggage. Is there any way I would be allowed 2 checked baggage based on the airlines below?
2. If I am only allowed 1 checked in baggage and I pay $100 for 2nd checked in baggage, do I have to pay again for the flight on Nov 30th when I check in bags on sri lankan airlines?

Flying
Nov 24th
1. PDX> DFW > LHR - American Airlines
2. LHR > AUH - Eithad Airlines

Nov 30th
1. DXB - BLR - Sri lankan airlines
If your allowance is one bag then that's all I would expect.

How many bags does EY allow? If it's more than one, then there's a small chance the EY allowance could override the AA allowance depending on the ticket and whether AA or EY would be considered the most significant carrier (I would think its AA, but who knows).

In any event, whatever allowance you receive on the first flights (or any bags you pay for) will not carry over to your DXB-BLR flights as they're almost a week later. You will be subject to whatever baggage rules UL has.
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Old Nov 19, 2021, 7:26 am
  #299  
 
Join Date: Aug 2009
Posts: 17
Originally Posted by JJeffrey
If your allowance is one bag then that's all I would expect.

How many bags does EY allow? If it's more than one, then there's a small chance the EY allowance could override the AA allowance depending on the ticket and whether AA or EY would be considered the most significant carrier (I would think its AA, but who knows).

In any event, whatever allowance you receive on the first flights (or any bags you pay for) will not carry over to your DXB-BLR flights as they're almost a week later. You will be subject to whatever baggage rules UL has.
EY allows 2 bags. This will be up for a discussions when I am at check in counter at PDX.
Do you think I can still avoid paying on my sri lankan flight on Nov 30th from DXB - BLR as I can show them my receipts if I paid for baggage from PDX, because technically all the flights are on single ticket.
Thanks

Last edited by pbs_flyertalk; Nov 19, 2021 at 7:36 am
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Old Nov 19, 2021, 7:38 am
  #300  
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Originally Posted by pbs_flyertalk
This will be up for a discussions when I am at check in counter at PDX.
Do you think I can still avoid paying on my sri lankan flight on Nov 30th from DXB - BLR as I can show them my receipts if I paid for baggage from PDX, because technically all the flights are on single ticket.
Thanks
You can try, although I would not expect any success given that your UL flights are roughly 4 days later, on a different carrier and from a completely different airport.

And the fact that all flights are on the same PNR doesn't matter, you can book all sorts of flights together on the same PNR but that doesn't mean that the first flight's baggage allowance carries over to every other one.
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