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UK APD / Air Passenger Duty charged for UK departures (Master Thread)

UK APD / Air Passenger Duty charged for UK departures (Master Thread)

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Old Aug 8, 18, 11:24 pm   -   Wikipost
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Last edit by: UKtravelbear
Wiki Link
(Link) to “United Kingdom Air Passenger Duty (APD) Charged UK Departing Passengers”

Link to html full APD tax law

APD is a Business Tax


As of 01 Apr 2018 the revised UK APD:

Band A (0 to 2,000 miles) £13 Reduced, £26 Standard

Band B (anything over 2,000 miles): Reduced £78, Standard £156 (from 1 April 2019 reduced = £78, Standard £ 172)

Bands C and D have been abolished


Infants and children

“Children below the age of 2 years who are not allocated a separate seat before boarding the aircraft are not chargeable passengers. If a seat is purchased for the infant then APD is chargeable.

From 1 May 2015, children who are under the age of 12 years on the date of the flight, and in the lowest class of travel, are not chargeable passengers. Children 12 years and over, or travelling in any other class, are chargeable passengers and APD is due.

From 1 March 2016 children who are under the age of 16 years on the date of the flight, and in the lowest class of travel, are not chargeable passengers. Children 16 years and over, or travelling in any other class, are chargeable passengers and APD is due.”

NOTE: distances calculated between national capitals - e.g. HNL calculated as WAS.
Link to Source: U.K. Excise Notice 550: Air Passenger Duty

APD is due when passengers are upgraded, as well.

N.B. Arriving at a UK airport will not incur APD. Connections with less than 24 hours will generally not require APD*; you may have to have the rate desk intervene if you are not on a through ticket. As noted, "band distance" is calculated Capital to Capital.

APD is not charged on flights originating in the Scottish Highlands (INV) or Islands. APD is not payable on direct, Band B, flights departing Northern Ireland.

Scotland APD changes (future): The Programme for Government 2015-16 confirms that the Scottish Government intends to reduce the burden of APD in Scotland by 50%, with the reduction beginning when a Scottish replacement to APD is introduced in April 2018 and delivered in full by the end of the next Scottish Parliament, expected to be in 2021. NOTE - the earliest date for the proposed changes to be implemented is now April 2020 see
] Revenue Scotland



* Connecting flights exemption (UK APD regulation)

“The connected flights must be detailed on the same ticket or conjunction tickets to qualify for the exemption. Tickets can only be regarded as conjunction tickets if:

a. they are in one booklet, or
b. where they are in separate booklets:
each refers to the other and states that they are to be read in conjunction
there is a summary of the flights constituting the passengers journey including the flights in question

Although the flights may meet all the other criteria for determining whether Two flights are connected, they will only qualify for the exemption if the connection is evidenced on the ticket or a flight summary.”

AA (c/o JonNYC, post #219):


septix by JonNYCme, on Flickr

Code:
2.1 What are the rates of duty
 
 APD is a duty of excise which is levied on the carriage, from a UK airport,
 of chargeable passengers on chargeable aircraft. It becomes due when a
 flight with chargeable passengers occurs and is payable by the operator
 of the aircraft. The amount due is dependent on the final destination and
 class of travel of the chargeable passenger.
 
 Destinations are split into different bands based on the distance of a
 country’s/territory’s capital city from London. The exception is the Russian
 Federation, which is split east and west of the Urals. Flights that do not
 leave the UK are always band A.
 
 Until 31 March 2015 there were four destination bands (A,B,C and D).
 
 From 1 April 2015 there are only two bands. Band A will remain
 the same and all other destinations will be merged into band B.
 
 There are 3 rates of APD for each destination band depending on
 the class of travel: reduced, standard and higher. Flights from
 Northern Ireland are treated differently from the rest of the UK.
 
 The reduced rates apply where the passengers are carried in the
 lowest class of travel on any flight unless the seat pitch exceeds
 1.016 metres* (40 inches), in which case, whether there is one
 or more than one class of travel the standard rates apply. For further
 information on the class of travel please see paragraphs 2.5 and 2.6.
 
 The standard rates apply where passengers are carried in any class
 of travel other than the lowest or where the seat pitch exceeds
 1.016 metres (40 inches), unless the conditions for the higher rate
 below are met.
 
 The higher rate applies if passengers are carried on aircraft with
 an authorised take off weight of 20 tonnes or more and equipped
 to carry fewer than 19 passengers.
 
 *BA World Traveller Plus is 37~38" seat pitch.
See post #155 - link - for specific information about connections under 24 hours with separate tickets.

Older posts can be read at: ARCHIVE: UK APD / Air Passenger Duty charged for UK departures

Note: France has an Air Passenger Solidarity Tax, which adds perhaps $4-5 for a coach flight and ~ten times that for a premium cabin. Like the UK APD, originating in France or connecting over 23:59 will incur the APST.[/color]
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Old Nov 11, 13, 7:51 am
  #1  
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UK APD / Air Passenger Duty charged for UK departures (Master Thread)

Any further progress as to avoiding APD if connecting on two separate tickets?
I currently have a BA itinerary (LHR-MUC) nested among my AA roundtrip ORD-LHR. Awaiting mileage co-pay on the return LHR-ORD. Since I'm technically connecting, has anyone found either:
1 - a way to link the itineraries to show as one (one booked direct AA the other BA)?
2 - a way of proving the connection to avoid APD upon the upgrade clearing?

Both are paid ticket if it matters...
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Old Nov 11, 13, 8:34 am
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Originally Posted by porsche534 View Post
Any further progress as to avoiding APD if connecting on two separate tickets?
I currently have a BA itinerary (LHR-MUC) nested among my AA roundtrip ORD-LHR. Awaiting mileage co-pay on the return LHR-ORD. Since I'm technically connecting, has anyone found either:
1 - a way to link the itineraries to show as one (one booked direct AA the other BA)?
2 - a way of proving the connection to avoid APD upon the upgrade clearing?

Both are paid ticket if it matters...
Call AA and tell them about your nested BA ticket. You'll need to have the record locator or ticket number. They are able to look it up.

I've done this many times as I've found nested tickets cheaper intra-Europe than a multi-segment ticket when coming from the US.
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Old Nov 11, 13, 9:28 am
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Originally Posted by teemuflyer View Post
Call AA and tell them about your nested BA ticket. You'll need to have the record locator or ticket number. They are able to look it up.

I've done this many times as I've found nested tickets cheaper intra-Europe than a multi-segment ticket when coming from the US.
I'm surprised they will allow this. Won't people just buy a refundable ticket and then cancel it?
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Old Nov 11, 13, 10:01 am
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Originally Posted by UA Fan View Post
I'm surprised they will allow this. Won't people just buy a refundable ticket and then cancel it?
They sometimes require you to call them back after your flight arrives to validate the connection.
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Old Jan 20, 14, 7:45 pm
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Connecting within 24 hours without a through ticket

Connecting within 24 hours without a through ticket / with two separate tickets (as indicated above by teemuflyer , and verified by my experience today - and previously, but today I took the time to pay attention to the process, as the EXP agent didn't know what the heck I was talking about):

We are connecting at LHR on a (return legs) KEF-LHR-ORD-SFO FI to AA, separate tickets, but (barely) with 24 hour connection. Contacting AA, we were able to give the FI (Icelander) ticket number - this allowed the Rate Desk to view the FI (1008-) ticket, and delete the APD from our (001) AA ticket, resulting in a cost savings $452.40 for two people.

This took some time - over thirty minutes for the EXP agent to get the Rate Desk to research it, view our FI tickets and make the requisite changes to our tickets. Interestingly, the otherwise capable EXP agent did not know this could be done; he thanked me for the opportunity to learn something new. I smiled all the way to the bank.

Off topic, as one ticket was a paid ticket and the other an award ticket, asking the agent to associate the two PNRs with a "TCP" (To Complete Party) took little time and easily got it done. When I went to get the paid ticket at the local airport ticket counter (I was using a voucher for partial payment) the longtime Ticket Agent (ex-TW, iirc) knew how to accept and document the voucher, but did not know about the "TCP" annotation in the remarks section of the PNR.

Knowing all this stuff from FlyerTalk is, as they say in New Orleans, a nice lagniappe (in southern Cuba it's "la ñapa" - what you possibly didn't know is the term is from the Andean Kechwa / Quechua / Runasimi language). FT !

Last edited by JDiver; Jan 20, 14 at 7:52 pm
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Old Jan 20, 14, 8:47 pm
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Truly great post.
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Old Jan 21, 14, 1:14 pm
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Originally Posted by JDiver View Post
Connecting within 24 hours without a through ticket / with two separate tickets (as indicated above by teemuflyer , and verified by my experience today - and previously, but today I took the time to pay attention to the process, as the EXP agent didn't know what the heck I was talking about):

We are connecting at LHR on a (return legs) KEF-LHR-ORD-SFO FI to AA, separate tickets, but (barely) with 24 hour connection. Contacting AA, we were able to give the FI (Icelander) ticket number - this allowed the Rate Desk to view the FI (1008-) ticket, and delete the APD from our (001) AA ticket, resulting in a cost savings $452.40 for two people.

This took some time - over thirty minutes for the EXP agent to get the Rate Desk to research it, view our FI tickets and make the requisite changes to our tickets. Interestingly, the otherwise capable EXP agent did not know this could be done; he thanked me for the opportunity to learn something new. I smiled all the way to the bank.
Thanks so much for this detailed post, as I've wondered for some time about how to make dual ticket situations like this work and avoid the now truly ridiculously expensive APD. In my case, I'm often on BA from some African or EU location and want to have a slightly under 24hr stopover in London.
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Old Jan 21, 14, 6:48 pm
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What happens if you later change or cancel the flight into LHR? Does AA later re-verify that you actually arrived by air to LHR?
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Old Jan 22, 14, 5:49 pm
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Originally Posted by SJC AA View Post
What happens if you later change or cancel the flight into LHR? Does AA later re-verify that you actually arrived by air to LHR?
My guess is they can as they viewed the FI ticket first and can document it in the PNR to check.
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Old Jan 23, 14, 2:55 am
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Originally Posted by AA_EXP09 View Post
My guess is they can as they viewed the FI ticket first and can document it in the PNR to check.
My biggest worry would be that an agent may check on the day of departure and insist on immediate payment at risk of denied boarding. I would not suggest this as a way of APD avoidance.
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Old Jan 23, 14, 8:23 pm
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Originally Posted by Microwave View Post
My biggest worry would be that an agent may check on the day of departure and insist on immediate payment at risk of denied boarding. I would not suggest this as a way of APD avoidance.
I would do this but only for legitimate cases of 2 separate tickets.
I'm not sure if I really want to risk $200+ though if I cannot find an agent that will do this for me...
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Old Mar 19, 14, 4:23 pm
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APD to DECREASE from April 2015!

Finally some good news. Per the announcement in today's Budget, the 2 highest bands of APD will be abolished from April 2015 and all flights over 2000 miles will be charged at the same band B rate.

This will mean that the APD I regularly pay on LHR-EZE flights in biz will decrease from £188 to £134 ($310 to $220) at today's prices so a good saving (unless of course the airlines "adjust" fares as a result!)
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Old Mar 19, 14, 4:49 pm
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Originally Posted by britenbsas View Post
Finally some good news. Per the announcement in today's Budget, the 2 highest bands of APD will be abolished from April 2015 and all flights over 2000 miles will be charged at the same band B rate.

This will mean that the APD I regularly pay on LHR-EZE flights in biz will decrease from £188 to £134 ($310 to $220) at today's prices so a good saving (unless of course the airlines "adjust" fares as a result!)
Indeed. It will have no impact on UK-US trips since they were already in band B
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Old Mar 19, 14, 4:51 pm
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Originally Posted by britenbsas View Post
Finally some good news. Per the announcement in today's Budget, the 2 highest bands of APD will be abolished from April 2015 and all flights over 2000 miles will be charged at the same band B rate.

This will mean that the APD I regularly pay on LHR-EZE flights in biz will decrease from £188 to £134 ($310 to $220) at today's prices so a good saving (unless of course the airlines "adjust" fares as a result!)
That is good news - no more discrimination depending on whether my flight originates in NYC or SFO. But still quite punitive - and I continue to advise friends, relatives to stopover at LHR on their way into Europe, rather than on the way home, so as to minimize this obnoxious levy.
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Old Mar 19, 14, 5:01 pm
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Originally Posted by Boraxo View Post
That is good news - no more discrimination depending on whether my flight originates in NYC or SFO
Flights from the UK to the USA are charged at the same rate based on the distance to the capital city so the APD for LHR-JFK is the same as that for LHR-SFO or LHR-HNL
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